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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Habit, leaves and flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Maytenus cunninghamii (Hook.) Loes.
Loesener, L.E.T. (1942) Die Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien ed. 2 20b: 136. Type: ?.
Celastrus cunninghamii (Hook.) F.Muell. var. cunninghamii, Queensland Agricultural Journal 29: 178(1912), Type: ?. Gymnosporia cunninghamii (Hook.) Loes., Die Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien ed. 2, 20b: 136(1942), Type: ?. Celastrus cunninghamii (Hook.) F.Muell., Transactions of the Philosophical Institute of Victoria 3: 30(1859), Type: ?. Catha cunninghamii Hook., Journal of an Expedition into the Interior of Tropical Australia: 386(1848), Type: Queensland, Moonie River, 17 Nov. 1846, T. L. Mitchell; holo: K. Celastrus baileyanus Domin, Bibliotheca Botanica 89(4): 894(1928), Type: Queensland, Chinchilla, R. C. Beasley 2; holo: BRI. Celastrus cunninghamii var. parvifolius F.M.Bailey, Queensland Agricultural Journal 29: 178(1912), Type: Queensland, Chinchilla, R.C. Beasley 2; holo: BRI.
Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub 1-3 m tall.
flowers solitary, usually male or hermaphrodite or in 2-3-flowered racemes. Flowers about 5-6 mm diam. Calyx lobes triangular, about 0.5 mm long. Petals ovate, about 1.5-2 x 1 mm. Ovary green, surrounded by a green fleshy disk. Ovules 2 per locule. Stigma 4-lobed.
Capsules globular or obovoid, about 4-5 mm diam., style persistent at the apex. Seeds brown to black, about 3-5 mm long, one or two per capsule, more than half enclosed in an aril. Embryo green or greenish, about 3 mm long, radicle about 0.5 mm long.
Cotyledons glabrous, orbicular to elliptic, about 8-15 x 6-11 mm, petiole short, up to 1 mm long. First pair of leaves about 18-25 x 4-6 mm, almost sessile, margins toothed. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade with a few (1-3) teeth towards the apex on each side of the leaf blade. Stipules linear, about 0.5 mm long. Stem longitudinally ribbed.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to Australia, occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as coastal central New South Wales. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 900 m. Usually grows in open forest but also found in vine thickets and monsoon forest.
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)