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Herbarium specimen. Copyright CSIRO
Mecardonia procumbens (Mill.) Small
Small, J.K. (1903) Flora of the Southeastern United States: 1065, 1338. Type: ?.
Bacopa procumbens (Mill.) Greenm., Publications of the Field Columbian Museum. Botanical Series 2(6): 261-262(1907), Type: ?. Erinus procumbens Mill., Gardeners Dictionary Edn. 8.: 6(1768), Type: ?.
Baby jump up
Flowers axillary, solitary; pedicel thin, glabrous, 4-6 mm long (longer in fruit, 6-18 mm), bracts 2-4 mm long, linear, mostly entire, located at the base of the pedicel. Sepals free, with acute base, glabrous, 5 -lobed, 6-10 mm long; the 3 outer lobes ovate-oblong, attenuate at apex, subobtuse at base, 8.5 x 4.5 mm, the 2 inner ones shorter, 5 x 0.4 mm, much narrower, linear; corolla bilabiate, yellow with purple lines on upper lip, slightly longer than the calyx, 7-7.5 x 6 mm; upper lip emarginate, tube 5-5.5 x 2-4 mm. Stamens 4, didynamous, partly adnate to floral tube; anther cells divaricate. Ovary superior, narrowly ovoid; style filiform, 1.3 mm long, curved at apex.
Capsule obscured by persistent sepals, narrowly ellipsoid, with 2 valves, glabrous, 5-6 mm long, dehiscent loculicidally and septicidally from apex, calyx accrescent, the outer sepals becoming 9 mm long and 5 mm wide. Seeds numerous, areolate-reticulate, yellow or greenish brown, oblong with obtuse or truncate apex and subobtuse base, 0.3-0.8 x 0.2 mm long.
Features not available.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in CYP, NEQ and CQ as far south as Surfers Paradise. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1160 m. Grows in moist spots in disturbed areas, in stream beds and along tracks and roads through rainforest, Eucalypt forest, Casuarina forest, vine forest and various types of woodland.
Common weed of lawns, gardens and agriculture.
Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)