Click on images
Leaves and fruit. Copyright B. Gray
Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, side view and dehiscing. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Flower. Copyright Barry Jago
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Melicope vitiflora (F.Muell.) T.G.Hartley
Hartley, T.G. (1990) Telopea 4(1): 34. Type: ?.
Euodia vitiflora F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 7: 144(1871), Type: Queensland, Rockingham Bay, 19 Oct. 1870, Dallachy; holo: MEL. Fide Hartley (2001).
Leatherwood; Toothache Tree; Northern Spermwood; Northern Evodia; Northern Doughwood; Fishpoison Wood; Fish Poison-wood; Coast Euodia; Doughwood, Northern; Leatherjacket; Northern Euodia
Outer dead bark rather corky, particularly towards the base of larger trees.
Flowers about 3.5 mm diam. Sepals about 0.8 mm long. Petals about 2 mm long, pubescent on both the outer and inner surfaces. Staminal filaments pubescent. Disk 8-lobed, continuous, glabrous, surrounding the base of the ovary.
Cotyledons elliptic, about 10 mm long. Oil dots more numerous near the margins. At the tenth leaf stage: lateral leaflets unequal-sided at the base; oil dots visible to the naked eye. Lateral veins forming loops inside the blade margin.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to Australia, occurs in CYP, NEQ and southwards to north-eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range in CYP and NEQ from sea level to 1100 m. Grows in well developed rain forest on a variety of sites.
Known as the toothache tree, northern Queensland Aborigines placed the juice of this species in the cavity of a decayed tooth to alleviate toothache. Cribb (1981).
Produces a useful general purpose timber.
Wood specific gravity 0.62. Cause et al. (1989).