Click on images
Leaves and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
Flower and bud. Copyright Barry Jago
Fruit. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, side views and seeds. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Mimusops elengi L.
Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum ed. 1 2: 349. Type: India ?.
Diospyros longipes Hiern, The Journal of Botany 54: 338(1916), Type: Habitat prope oppidum Townsville, in ditionis Queensland parte tropica, a cl. R.H. Cambage, F.L.S., 11 Aug. 1913, lecta.
Red Coondoo; Mimusops; Mamajen
Dead bark layered. White, granular stripes in the outer blaze.
Petioles and twigs produce a watery milky exudate. Terminal buds and younger leafy twigs clothed in brown hairs. Leaf blades about 3-11 x 2-5 cm. Lateral veins forming loops just inside the blade margin. Stipules narrow, about 3-5 mm long, tapering to a point. Stipules caducous.
Sepals in two whorls of four. Corolla segments eight but each of them with two dorsal appendages of the same size and shape as the segment itself, giving the appearance of 24 segments. Stamens eight, staminodes eight. Ovary 8-locular.
Cotyledons ovate or elliptic, about 15-25 mm long. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade elliptic or obovate, apex slightly acuminate, glabrous on the upper surface, midrib raised on the upper surface of the leaf blade. Stipules about 1 mm long, linear, hairy, caducous; petiole, terminal bud and stem densely clothed in rusty brown hairs.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range from sea level to 200 m. Grows in monsoon forest, beach forest and drier, more seasonal rain forest. Also occurs in Asia, Malesia and the Pacific islands. The fruit of this tree is much sought after by fruit eating pigeons particularly Torresian Imperial-Pigeons (Ducula bicolor).
An attractive tree that will withstand salt laden winds and often grows on the beach front. It has good shape and the flowers and fruits are showy. Fruits are sought after by birds.
This species may have medicinal properties and it may also be poisonous. (http://squid2.laughingsquid.net/hosts/herbweb.com /herbage/A17302.htm)