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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, longitudinal and cross sectional views, seeds. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Male section of inflorescence, fruit and longitudinal section. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit and infructescence. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Musa banksii F.Muell.
Mueller, F.J.H. von (1864) Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 4: 132. Type: Queensland, Mt Elliot, E. Fitzalan; holo: MEL; iso: BRI.
Musa banksii F.Muell. var. banksii, Bibliotheca Botanica 89(4): 536(1928), Type: ?. Musa acuminata subsp. banksii N.W.Simmonds, Kew Bulletin 11 11: 463(1957), Type: ?. Musa banksii var. muelleriana Domin, Bibliotheca Botanica 89(4): 536(1928), Type: Queensland, Daintree R., Oct. 1875, E. Fitzalan; holo: MEL; iso: BRI.
Wild Banana; Banana, Maroon-stemmed; Banana, Native; Banana, Wild; Maroon-stemmed Banana; Native Banana
Grows to a height of 6 m or more but also flowers and fruits when smaller.
Leaves usually quite large, leaf blades about 120-230 x 40-80 cm, petioles about 40-80 cm long. Older leaf blades usually lacinate, fimbriate, the margins split at +/- right angles to the midrib. Petiole and midrib strong and fibrous. 'Stem' formed by the overlapping petiole bases. 'Oil dots' more obvious on the underside of the leaf blade. Lateral veins run at an angle of almost 90¦ to the margin of the leaf blade where they +/- amalgamate. Reticulate veins absent, all veins run from the midrib to the margin. Midrib deeply channelled on the upper surface.
Inflorescence pendulous at least following pollination of the female flowers. Male flowers terminal, enclosed in an ovoid, multilayered sheath of overlapping bracts. Female and/or hermaphrodite flowers confined to the lower part of the inflorescence. Perianth consists of two parts, the longer part is an open tube of four or five fused lobes and the shorter part, which is about half as long, consists of one lobe only. In male flowers the larger tepal is about 27-42 x 8-11 mm with four teeth at the apex while the smaller tepal is about 12-22 x 7.5-14 mm. Pedicel about 7-15 mm long. Pollen grains large, white. In hermaphrodite flowers the larger tepal is about 35-45 x 10-12 mm with four teeth at the apex while the smaller tepal is about 18-23 x 15-16 mm. Pedicel is about 15 mm long.
Infructescence pendulous. Pedicel about 1.5-6 cm long. Individual fruits are miniature bananas, about 8-14 x 1.5-2.5 cm, seeds numerous, black, about 4-5 mm diam. Testa thick and hard. Embryo small, resembling a miniature mushroom in shape. Endosperm white and granular.
At the tenth leaf stage: stem composed of sheathing petioles or leaf bases.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in CYP (Iron Range and McIlwraith Range), NEQ and southwards as far as Mt Elliot (south of Townsville). Altitudinal range from near sea level to 750 m. Grows in disturbed areas in lowland and upland rain forest. A popular food plant with feral pigs who tend to eat the whole plant. Also occurs in New Guinea and Samoa.
Palm, pandan or cycad
Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)