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Passiflora aurantia var. aurantia

Family

Passifloraceae

Botanical Name

Passiflora aurantia G.Forst. var. aurantia

Bailey, F.M. (1911) Queensland Agricultural Journal 26: 315. Type: ?.

Synonyms

Passiflora aurantia G.Forst. f. aurantia, Kew Bulletin 26: 548(1972), Type: ?. Passiflora aurantia G.Forst., Florulae Insularum Australium Prodromus: 62(1786), Type: New Caledonia, J.R. & G. Forster (BM). Passiflora banksii Benth., Flora Australiensis 3: 312(1867), Type: ?. Passiflora brachystephanea (F.Muell.) Benth., Flora Australiensis 3: 312(1867), Type: ?. Passiflora banksii var. typica Domin, Bibliotheca Botanica 89(4): 987(1928), Type: ?. Passiflora glabra J.C.Wendl., Collectio Plantarum 1: 55(1805), Type: Cultivated at Hanover; holo: ?. Passiflora banksii var. brachystephanea (F.Muell.) Domin, Bibliotheca Botanica 89(4): 987(1928), Type: ?. Passiflora banksii Benth. var. banksii, Bibliotheca Botanica 89(4): 987(1928), Type: ?. Passiflora baileyana Domin, Bibliotheca Botanica 89(4): 987(1928), Type: ?. Passiflora aurantia var. pubescens F.M.Bailey, Queensland Agricultural Journal 26: 315(1911), Type: Queensland, Ipswich, T.F. Hall, May, 1909. Dr. T.L. Bancroft, Eidsvold, April, 1911; syn: BRI?. Passiflora aurantia var. banksii (Benth.) F.M.Bailey, Queensland Agricultural Journal 26: 315(1911), Type: ?. Passiflora aurantia f. pubescens (Bailey) P.S.Green, Kew Bulletin 26: 548(1972), Type: ?. Disemma brachystephanea F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 1: 56(1858), Type: Queensland, Burdekin River, F. Mueller; holo: MEL. Disemma coccinea DC., Prodromus 3: 333(1828), Type: New Holland, [given by P.S.Green, Kew Bull. 26 (1972) 543 as Queensland, Bay of Inlets, Endeavour River, Banks & Solander; iso: BM.

Common name

Blunt-leaved Passionfruit; Red Passion Flower

Stem

A slender vine not exceeding a stem diameter of 2 cm.

Leaves

Leaf blades deeply 3-lobed, blades about 3-7.5 x 4.5-8 cm, petioles about 1.5-4 cm long with two(?) glandular nectaries about 5-7 mm below the point of attachment to the leaf blade. Scattered flat nectiferous glands (1-4) usually visible on the underside of leaf blades some distance away from the midrib. Stipules very small, about 1 mm long, caducous. Tendrils simple, unbranched, tightly coiled.

Flowers

Flowers cream at first but changing to pink and finally becoming reddish. Calyx lobes rather fleshy, about 45 x 10 mm. Petals membranous, about 20 x 5 mm. Corona consisting of two parts, the outer corona consists of red hair-like structures about 12-17 mm long while the inner corona is +/- tubular, about 20 mm high, slightly fimbriate at the apex and surrounding the base of the gynophore. Stamens five, fused to the gynophore about 30 mm from the base. Styles three, stigmas three, +/- globose.

Fruit

Fruits globular or ovoid, about 3-5 x 2-4.5 cm. Seeds numerous, each seed about 3 x 2 mm. Testa surface pitted and transversely grooved.

Seedlings

Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as northern New South Wales. Altitudinal range in NEQ from near sea level to 750 m. Grows in beach forest, monsoon forest and vine thicket. Also occurs in Malesia and the Pacific islands.

Natural History

Food plant for the larval stages of the Cruiser Butterfly. Common & Waterhouse (1981).

Commonly cultivated for the showy flowers that open pink and turn red with age.

NEQ

X

Slender Vine

X

RFK Code

2620