Click on images
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, side views and cross section. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Fruit. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Flower. Copyright Barry Jago
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon and 1st leaf stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Phaleria clerodendron (F.Muell.) Benth.
Bentham, G. (1873) Flora Australiensis 6: 38. Type: ?.
Drymyspermum clerodendron F.Muell., Fragmenta 7: 1(1869), Type: Rockingham Bay, Qld, J. Dallachy s.n.
Scented Phaleria; Apple, Rosy; Scented Daphne; Rosy Apple
Usually grows into a small or medium-sized tree but occasionally flowers and fruits as a shrub. Bark extremely strong and fibrous when stripped.
Twig bark strong and fibrous, emitting an unpleasant odour when stripped. Leaf blades about 9.5-19 x 3-7.2 cm.
Flowers pleasantly perfumed. Perianth petaloid. Perianth tube (hypanthium) much longer than the lobes, tube about 25 mm long, lobes about 4-5 mm long. Stamens eight in two whorls of four, one above the other on the perianth tube (hypanthium), the upper whorl opposite the lobes. Stigma capitate, thicker than the style.
Fruits globular or depressed globular, sometimes laterally compressed, about 25-35 x 35-50 mm. Endocarp somewhat fibrous. Seeds variable up to about 20 x 17 mm. Fruit borne on the trunk and larger branches.
A pair of cataphylls each about 8-14 x 1 mm, are produced before the first true leaves. First pair of true leaves lanceolate or ovate, about 5-6.5 x 1.5-2 cm, glabrous. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves narrowly ovate, apex acuminate, base cuneate, seedling completely glabrous. Cataphylls sometimes occur among true leaves.
Distribution and Ecology
Fruit eaten by Cassowaries. Cooper & Cooper (1994).
A shrub or small tree that deserves to be more commonly cultivated. Beautifully perfumed white flowers are produced on the stem and branches and are followed by large red fruits.
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)