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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Infructescens and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
Flowers. Copyright Barry Jago
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Pollia macrophylla (R.Br.) Benth.
Bentham, G. (1878) Flora Australiensis 7: 90. Type: ?.
Pollia macrophylla (R.Br.) Benth. var. macrophylla, A Synopsis of the Queensland Flora: 557(1883), Type: ?. Aclisia macrophylla (R.Br.) G.Bruckn., Die Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien ed. 2, 15a: 176(1930), Type: ?. Aneilema macrophyllum R.Br., Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae: 270(1810), Type: Northern Australia, R. Brown; holo: BM?.
A terrestrial creeping herb, rooting at the nodes, normally attaining a height of about 50 cm but under favourable conditions reaching 1-2 m in height.
Leaves variable in size but commonly about 17-20 x 4-5 cm. Lateral veins diverge from the midrib at a very low angle and run parallel to one another. Petiole forms a puberulent, longitudinally veined sheath about 3-4 cm long, completely enclosing the stem.
Inflorescence consists of whorls of flower clusters. Flowers arranged in pairs and subtended by a common bract. Petals glabrous, about 3-4 mm long. Ovary white, glabrous, style +/- lateral at the apex of the ovary and protruding from the flower at an angle.
Ripe fruits shiny brown or +/- grey, about 4-7 mm long. Seeds with a central depression on each side of the seed.
First leaf broadly spathulate, about 4 mm wide, petiole forming a distinct sheath around the stem. At the tenth leaf stage: lateral veins diverge from the midrib at a very low angle and run parallel to one another. Petiole forming a puberulent, longitudinally veined sheath around the stem.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to Queensland, occurs in CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1200 m. Grows in disturbed but somewhat shaded areas in well developed rain forest on a variety of soils.
Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)