Click on images
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, side view, cross section, seed. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright B. Gray
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Polyalthia nitidissima (Dunal) Benth.
Bentham, G. (1863) Flora Australiensis 1: 51. Type: ?.
Unona nitidissima Dunal, Monographie de la Famille des Anonac~Pes: 93(1817), Type: Hab. in Nove Caledonie. (v.s. L. Deless.).
Beech, Canary; Polyalthia; Pine, China; Canary Beech; Shiny Leaf Tree; China Pine
Subrhytidome layer dark, sometimes almost black. Fibrous stripes in the inner blaze form a lace-like pattern corresponding to the fine oak grain in the wood.
Leaf blades about 6-10 x 2.5-4 cm. Oil dots visible with a lens. Twig bark strong and fibrous when stripped. Lenticels usually obvious on the twigs. Young shoots clothed in prostrate brown silky hairs. Domatia, if present, are tufts of hairs.
Cotyledons elliptic, 13-18 mm long. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves ovate, apex acute, base obtuse, upper surface hairy at least on the midrib and main lateral veins; petiole, stem and terminal bud clothed in tortuous pale hairs.
Distribution and Ecology
A widespread species in NT, CYP and NEQ and southwards to north-eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range in northern Australia from near sea level to 800 m. Usually grows in drier rain forest. Also occurs in New Caledonia and New Guinea.
Food plant for the larval stages of the Green Spotted Triangle, Pale Green Triangle and the Green Triangle Butterflies. Common & Waterhouse (1981); Sankowsky & Neilsen (2000).
Seldom grows large enough to produce millable logs. Produces a useful general purpose timber.
Wood specific gravity 0.54. Cause et al. (1989).
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)