Click on images
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Flowers. Copyright Barry Jago
Flower. Copyright Barry Jago
Fruit. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, side views, cross section and seed. Copyright W. T. Cooper
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Terminalia arenicola Byrnes
Byrnes, N.B. (1977) Contributions from the Queensland Herbarium 20: 35. Type: North Kennedy District: Townsville 3 Dec. 1971, N. Byrnes 2442, (holotype, CANB 226580; isotypes, DNA, NT, BRI, L, K, NSW, LAE)..
May be deciduous; leafless for a period in September or October.
Inflorescence as long as or shorter than the leaves, bracts narrowly triangular, about 1 mm long, caducous. Perianth tube appressed pubescent to thinly pilose, lobes triangular, about 2.5 x 2 mm, glabrous or thinly pilose. Staminal filaments glabrous, about 2 mm long. Disk villous. Style glabrous.
Cotyledons much wider than long, about 20 x 35-40 mm, rounded at the base, apex +/- truncate, upper surface with a few hairs towards the base. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves obovate, apex acute or shortly acuminate, base attenuate, hairy on the upper surface; oil dots small, numerous, visible with a lens; petiole, stem and terminal bud densely clothed in long reddish brown hairs.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to Queensland, occurs in CYP and NEQ. Natural distribution now difficult to discern because of cultivation. Grows in beach forest close to sea level. Commonly cultivated on beaches in NEQ as it provides very good shade. Unfortunately the flowers produce a fetid odour which most people find unpleasant. This species has many of the characteristics of T. catappa which is a widespread strand tree and it is surprising that T. arenicola does not have a similar distribution.