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Leaves and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
Flowers. Copyright Barry Jago
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Terminalia sericocarpa F.Muell.
Mueller, F.J.H. von (1875) Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 9: 159. Type: Prope Rockhampton, Thozet; ad Mount Elliott, Fitzalan; pone Rockinghams Bay, Dallachy..
Myrobalanus sericocarpa (F.Muell.) Kuntze, Revisio Generum Plantarum 1: 237(1891), Type: ?.
Bandicoot; Sovereignwood; Plum, Damson; Damson Plum; Damson
Deciduous; leafless for a period in September or October. Outer dead bark usually quite hard. Blaze fibres often interlocked.
Inflorescence longer or shorter than the leaves, bracts narrowly triangular, about 1-2 mm long, caducous. Perianth tube sericeous outside, lobes triangular, about 1.5 x 2 mm, apex narrowly acute or acuminate, glabrous or with scattered silky hairs inside. Staminal filaments glabrous, about 2-3 mm long. Disk villous. Style villous.
Cotyledons wider than long, 8-10 x 10-15 mm, apex broadly emarginate, base rounded. Oil dots small, irregular. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade obovate or elongate-obovate, apex acuminate, base attenuate, hairy at least along midrib and margin of leaf blade; oil dots small, visible with a lens; midrib raised on the upper surface of the leaf blade; petiole, stem and terminal bud densely clothed in reddish brown hairs.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to Australia, occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 750 m. Usually grows in well developed rain forest but also found in drier rain forest, monsoon forest and gallery forest. Produces large crops of small fruits which appear to be an important food resource for a number of fruit eating birds.
Produces a useful general constructional purpose timber. Wood specific gravity 0.64. Cause et al. (1989).