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Adaptations for spreading vegetatively (Herbs and Grass- or sedge-like plants only)

Vegetative spread involves the production of new plants from structures other than seeds.

Plants solitary, tufted or trailing but not obviously spreading vegetatively

Underground bulbs, corms, tubers

Rhizomes, stolons, root-suckers or culms

Rhizomes are elongate, root-like stems which travel some distance from the parent plant below the ground. They may produce new plantlets from their tips or from buds along their length. Stolons are similar, but usually travel above the soil surface (e.g. strawberry runners). Includes adventitious roots along stems and at nodes.

Detached aerial stem parts, bulbils or proliferous flowerheads