Click on images
Leaves, Fruit. Copyright G. Sankowsky
Flower. Copyright Barry Jago
Dehisced fruit. Copyright W. T. Cooper
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon and 1st leaf stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Adenanthera pavonina L.
Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum 2: 384. Type: Habitat in India..
Red Beantree; Circassan Tree; Zumbic Tree; Sandalwood, Red; Sandalwood, False Red; Sandal Beadtree; Red Bead Tree; False Red Sandalwood; False Jequirity; Coralwood; Circassian Tree; Barricarri; Bead Tree; Red Sandalwood
Deciduous; leafless for a period in July or August. Blaze odour resembling that of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris).
Leaflet blades about 2-5 x 0.7-2.5 cm, leaflet stalks short, about 0.1-0.2 cm. Compound leaf axis channelled on the upper surface.
Pods about 22 x 1.6 cm. Seeds quite hard. Testa shiny red.
Cotyledons erect, fleshy, obovate, about 10-12 x 8-9 mm. At the tenth leaf stage: leaflet blades elliptic, apex mucronate, base oblique or obtuse; stipules very small, visible only with a lens. A number of very small red glands visible on very young growth at all stages.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in NT, CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from sea level to 200 m. Grows in and on the margins of well developed lowland rain forest and gallery forest. Also occurs in Asia, Malesia and New Caledonia.
Raw seeds are an intoxicant. Austin, D. F. 1998. Poisonous Plants of Southern Florida. (http://www.fau.edu/divdept/science/envsci/poison- pl.html)
This species has been used medicinally in India. Cribb (1981).