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Aglaia silvestris

Family

Meliaceae

Botanical Name

Aglaia silvestris (M.Roemer) Merr.

Merrill, E.D. (1917) Interp. Rumph. Herb. Amboin.: 210. Type: Neotype - [Maluku, Amboina, [Hitoe Lama], July-Nov 1913.

Stem

In Australia recorded as a small tree to 10 m, but elsewhere recorded to 30 m. branches densely covered in scales which have a brown centre and light margin.

Leaves

Leaves imparripinnate ca. 35 cm long , up to 65 cm long, ca. 20 cm wide. Petiole ca. 10 cm long but up to 20 cm. Leaflets usually 13-19. alternate, 8-24 cm long, 1.7-6.5 cm wide; lanceolate or elliptic; acuminate at apex, asymmetrical at base.Scale dense on young leaves, deciduous before maturity.

Flowers

Inflorescence to 30 cm long, 20 cm wide. Flowers up to 3.5 mm long x 2.5 mm wide, obovoid, fragrant. Calyx half length of corolla, densely covered with peltate scales on outside, deeply divided into 5 ovate lobes which have ciliate margins. Petals 5 or 6, yellow, elliptic or ovate. Staminal tube longer the corolla.

Fruit

Infructescence to 30 cm long x 25 cm wide, ca. 50 fruits. Fruit to 2 x 2 cm, flattened, brown, red, orange or yellow, densely covered in scales.

Seedlings

Not available.

Distribution and Ecology

In Australia only known from CYP, occurs in the Iron Range area. Altitudinal range from near sea level to about 100 m, possibly higher. Grows as an understory plant in well developed rain forest. Also occurs in SE Asia, Malesia, New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.

Natural History

Poorly known species in Australia.

CYP

X

Tree

X

RFK Code

1187