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Alectryon connatus

Family

Sapindaceae

Botanical Name

Alectryon connatus (F.Muell.) Radlk.

Radlkofer, L.A.T. (1878) Sitzungsberichten der k. bayer Akademie der Wissenschaften, Math.-Phys. Classe, 1878: 299. Type: ?.

Synonyms

Nephelium connatum (F.Muell.) Benth., Flora Australiensis 1: 465(1863), Type: ?. Spanoghea connata F.Muell., Transactions and Proceedings of the Philosophical Institute of Victoria 3: 26(1859), Type: In wooded valleys near Moreton Bay. Hill and Mueller. [given by P.W.Leenhouts, Blumea 33 (1988) 317 as Hill & Mueller, Que

Common name

Alectryon

Stem

A small tree seldom exceeding 30 cm dbh.

Leaves

Leafy twigs longitudinally grooved or striated, clothed in yellowish or yellow-brown hairs at least when young. Leaflets usually 2-4 per compound leaf, sessile or very shortly stalked. Leaflet blades about 4-12 x 4.5 cm.

Flowers

Calyx lobes broadly ovate, about 1.5 mm long. Petals present, slightly longer than the calyx, inner surface hairy. Base of the ovary surrounded by an orange gland. Ovary hairy on both the inner and outer surfaces.

Fruit

Fruit about 8-12 x 8-20 mm, pubescent on the outer surface. Inner surface of each locule hairy. Seeds black. Aril cupular, red, margin crenate. Embryo green, cotyledons folded.

Seedlings

Cotyledons about 5-7 mm long. First pair of leaves simple, toothed or lobed, subsequent leaves pinnate with two leaflets. At the tenth leaf stage: leaflet blades hairy on the upper surface, densely (or rarely sparsely) so on the lower surface, hairs tortuous, pale; lower surface of the leaflet blade green.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as south-eastern Queensland. Altitudinal range from sea level to 800 m. Grows in monsoon forest, beach forest and similar vegetation types. Also occurs in New Guinea.

Natural History

A small tree that has potential for cultivation in gardens in drier areas. Flowers are greenish yellow.

CYP

X

NEQ

X

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)

X

Tree

X

RFK Code

789