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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
Flower. Copyright Barry Jago
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Alpinia modesta F.Muell. ex K.Schum.
Schumann, K.M. (1904) Engler's Das Pflanzenreich Heft 20: 318. Type: Queensland, Rockingham Bay, 15 Oct. 1867, J. Dallachy s.n.; syn: MEL.
Alpinia modesta F.M.Bailey, Queensland Agricultural Journal 23(5): 261(1909), Type: Queensland, Rockingham Bay, J.Dallachy.
Narrow-leaf Ginger; Ginger, Narrow-leaf
Usually flowers and fruits as a shrubby plant about 1 m tall, occasionally taller, but it should be noted that only the leaves are above ground level. The true stem is below the soil surface.
Inflorescence glabrous, up to 7 cm long. Bracts triangular, about 5 mm long, margins ciliate, each subtending a group of about 2-4 flowers. Bracteoles ciliate, about 4-5 mm long, pedicels to 2 mm long. Calyx about 3-4 mm long. Corolla tube about 5 mm long, lobes about 5 mm long. Labellum almost orbicular, shortly clawed, about 10 mm diam. Anther about 2-3 mm long without a crest, filament about 2 mm long but wider than the anther. Ovary up to 4 mm long, glabrous or sparsely pubescent.
Capsules glabrous, globular, tardily dehiscent, about 9-15 mm diam. Seeds numerous, aril translucent. Funicle white. Testa slightly rugose. Embryo small, about 2 mm long, endosperm marked by radial lines.
First true leaf cordate or ovate, about 15-18 mm long, petiole shorter than the leaf blade. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade linear or linear-lanceolate, about 11-12 x 1-1.5 cm. sessile, glabrous. Sheathing leaf base mainly glabrous except for the ciliate margin, ligule glabrous but margin ciliate, apex truncate.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to NEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1000 m. Grows as an understory shrub in undisturbed lowland, upland and mountain rain forests. Probably more common on red soils derived from basalt.
A very good small ginger both as a potted plant indoors or in a shaded moist position in the garden.
Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)