Click on images
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, side view, cross section and seeds. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Annona glabra L.
Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum: 537. Type: Not specified.
Pond Apple; Apple, Pond
Blaze finely layered and blaze odour resembling carrots (Daucus carota).
Flowers about 20-25 x 25 mm. Flowers parts thick and fleshy. Sepals triangular, about 5-8 x 5-7 mm. Outer petals about 22-25 x 18-20 mm with a red spot above the base on the inner surface, inner petals about 23 x 15 mm, with a yellow spot above the base on the inner surface.
Cotyledons elliptic, about 30-40 x 10-15 mm, apex obtuse, base cuneate. At the tenth leaf stage: seedlings glabrous; leaves slightly glaucous on the underside; oil dots difficult to distinguish even with a lens.
Distribution and Ecology
An introduced species, originally from tropical America, now naturalized in CYP, NEQ and coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range from sea level to 100 m. Grows in swampy forest situations and in mangrove areas with a fresh water influence. A troublesome weed in the swampy areas of NEQ.
Food plant for the larval stages of the Green Spotted Triangle, Pale Green Triangle and the Green Triangle Butterflies. Sankowsky & Neilsen (2000) and Common & Waterhouse (1981).
Fruit eaten by Cassowaries.
Introduced as a root stock for Custard Apple. Jessup (2007)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)