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Family Profile

Annonaceae

Family Description

A family of about 130 genera and 2300 species, pantropic but also extending into temperate regions; about 17 genera occur naturally in Australia.

Genera

Annona - A genus of about 130 species in tropical America and Africa; four species have become naturalised in Australia. Backer & Bakhuizen van den Brink (1963). Jessup (2007).

Artabotrys - A genus of 85-100 species in tropical Africa and eastern Asia. Sinclair (1955); Jessup (2007). One species occurs naturally in Australia.

Cananga - A genus of two species from Asia to Australia and the Pacific islands; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Sinclair (1955).

Cyathostemma - A genus of about ten species mostly on the Malay Peninsula but also extending into SE Asia, New Guinea and Australia. Sinclair (1955); Utteridge (2000). Two species occur naturally in Australia.

Desmos - A genus of about 30 species in Asia, Malesia and Australia; three species occur naturally in Australia. Sinclair (1955); Jessup (2007).

Fitzalania - A genus of two species restricted to Queensland, Australia. Jessup (2007).

Goniothalamus - A genus of more than 100 species in Asia, Malesia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Jessup (1986a). Jessup (2007)

Haplostichanthus - A genus of six species endemic to Australia. Mueller (1891).

Meiogyne - A genus of about fifteen species in Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; four species occur naturally in Australia. Heusden (1994); Jessup (1989). Jessup (2007).

Melodorum - A genus of about ten species in SE Asia, Malesia and Australia; six species occur naturally in Australia. Sinclair (1955).

Miliusa - A genus of about 40-50 species in Asia, Malesia and Australia; three species occur naturally in Australia. Jessup (1986a, 1986b, 1988, 2007); Mols & Kessler (2003); Sinclair (1955).

Mitrephora - A genus of about 40-50 species in SE Asia, Malesia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Sinclair (1955), Jessup (2007).

Polyalthia - A genus of 100-120 species in Africa, Asia, Australia and the Pacific islands; four species occur naturally in Australia. Jessup (1986b); Sinclair (1955); White (1918).

Pseuduvaria - A genus of 38 species in SE Asia, Malesia and Australia; four species occur naturally in Australia. Jessup (1987); Sinclair (1955); Jessup (2007).

Uvaria - A genus of more than 100 species in Africa, Asia, Malesia and Australia; three species occur naturally in Australia. Sinclair (1955).

Xylopia - A genus of about 170 species in Africa, Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; two species occur naturally in Australia. Smith (1956); Jessup (2007).

References

Backer, C.A. (1945). Notes on the flora of Java, II. Blumea 5:492-493.

Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C. (1963). Annonaceae. In 'Flora of Java.' Vol. 1, (N.V.P. Noordhoff: Groningen.), pp. 100-116.

Bailey, F.M. (1899). Annonaceae. In 'The Queensland Flora.' Part 1, (H.J. Diddams & Co.: Brisbane.), pp. 20-27.

Corner, E.J.H. (1952). Annonaceae. In 'Wayside Trees of Malaya.' Vol. 1 (Government Printing Office: Singapore.) 772 pp.

Heusden, E.C.H. (1994). Revision of Meiogyne (Annonaceae). Blumea 38:487-511.

Jessup, L.W. (1986a). The genus Goniothalamus (Blume) J.D. Hook. & Thomson (Annonaceae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 2:224-226.

Jessup, L.W. (1986b). New combinations in Australian Annonaceae. Austrobaileya 2:227.

Jessup, L.W. (1987). The genus Pseuduvaria Miq. (Annonaceae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 2:307-313.

Jessup, L.W. (1988). The genus Miliusa Leschen. ex A.DC. (Annonaceae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 2:517-523.

Jessup, L.W. (1989). The genus Ancana F.Muell. (Annonaceae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 3:63-67.

Jessup, L.W. (2007). Annonaceae. Flora of Australia 2:18-57.

Mols, J.B. & Kessler, P.J.A. (2003). The genus Miliusa (Annonaceae) in the Austro-Malesian area. Blumea 48:421-462.

Mueller, F. (1863). Annonaceae. Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 4:33-34.

Mueller, F. (1891). Descriptions of new Australian plants, with occasional other annotations. The Victorian Naturalist 7:180-183.

Sinclair, J. (1955). A revision of the Malayan Annonaceae. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 14:149-516.

Smith, L.S. (1956). New species of and notes on Queensland plants. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 67:29-40.

Utteridge, T.M.A. (2000). Revision of the genus Cyathostemma (Annonaceae). Blumea 45: 377-396.

White, C.T. (1918). Contributions to the Queensland Flora. Queensland Department of Agriculture and Stock, Botany Bulletin No. 20:1-20.