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Fruit, four views and cross section. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Leaves and fruits. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
1st leaf stage, cotyledons absent, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Antidesma bunius (L.) Spreng.
Sprengel, C.P.J. (1824) Systema Vegetabilium 1: 826. Type: ?.
Stilago bunius L., Mant.: 122(1767), Type: India, Bunius sativus Rumph. amb. 3. p. 204, t. 131. Antidesma dallachyanum Baill., Adansonia 6: 337(1866), Type: Dallachy (1864), Rockhampton, Dalrymph Cape (herb. F. Muell.!). Antidesma dallachyi F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 6: 183(1868), Type: Queensland, Rockingham Bay, J. Dallachy.
Currant Tree; Bignay; Bignay China Laurel; Currantwood; Cherry, Herbert River; Cherry, Wild; Chinese Laurel; Herbert River Cherry; Wild Cherry; Salamander Tree
Blaze layering usually quite conspicuous, consisting of alternate cream and pink layers.
Leaf blades about 5-12 x 2.5-7 cm. Lateral veins forming loops well inside the blade margin. Petiole slightly channelled on the upper surface. Stipules small and inconspicuous and shed early. Domatia, if present, are tufts of hair.
Male and female flowers about 2 mm diam. Disk hairy in both male and female flowers.
Fruits large, about 12-25 mm long.
Cotyledons elliptic to almost orbicular, about 12-14 x 9-10 mm, base cuneate to obtuse, apex obtuse. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves hairy on both the upper and lower surfaces along the midrib; scattered hairs visible with a lens elsewhere; petiole hairy; stipules filiform, about 10-12 mm long, hairy.
Distribution and Ecology
The fruit of this species is used in North Queensland to make jams or syrups and was once very popular and sought after.
However, some people apparently find the fruits bitter and completely inedible. Henkin & Grillis (1977).
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)