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Antidesma parvifolium

Family

Phyllanthaceae

Botanical Name

Antidesma parvifolium F.Muell.

Mueller, F.J.H. von (1864) Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 4: 86. Type: Ad sinum Edgecombe Bay juxta portum Denisonii; Fitzalan..

Stem

Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub about 2-3 m tall but occasionally grows larger.

Leaves

Leaf blades rather small, about 1.2-1.8 x 0.8-1 cm, often produced in tight, whorl-like spirals. Twigs slender, sparsely pubescent when young. Stipules small and inconspicuous, about 1 mm long. Lateral veins difficult to distinguish but forming loops. Domatia are tufts of hair but only apparent on the younger leaves.

Flowers

Flowers borne in catkin-like spikes or racemes. Male flowers about 1 mm diam. at anthesis (excluding the stamens). Disk pale yellow, comparatively large, produced inside the anther filaments. Anthers +/- U-shaped in transverse section, +/- C-shaped at anthesis. Staminodes borne under the disk in female flowers. Ovules attached to one side of the ovary.

Fruit

Fruits small, about 4 mm long, laterally compressed. Fruits stain fingers purple. Endocarp sculptured. Embryo cream.

Seedlings

Cotyledons ovate, about 6-9 x 5-8 mm, longer than the first pair of leaves. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves ovate or elliptic, about 15-20 mm long. Stipules narrowly triangular, about 1.5-2 mm long. Stem hairs pale, +/- erect.

Distribution and Ecology

Probably endemic to Australia, occurs in NT, CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as south-eastern Queensland. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 900 m. Most frequently found in vine thickets or monsoon forest.

NT

X

CYP

X

NEQ

X

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)

X

Tree

X

RFK Code

1076