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Family Profile

Araceae

Family Description

A family of about 110 genera and 1800 species mostly tropical or subtropical; about 10 genera occur naturally in Australia.

Genera

Alocasia - A genus of about 60 species in Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; one or two species occur naturally in Australia.

Amorphophallus - A genus of about 100 species in Africa, India, Malesia and Australia; two species occur naturally in Australia. Hay (1990).

Colocasia - A genus of four species in Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; one variety of Colocasia esculenta occurs naturally in Australia and another variety has been introduced. Hay et al. (1995).

Epipremnum - A genus of at least 15 species in Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; two species occur naturally in Australia. Hay et al. (1995).

Gymnostachys - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia.

Pothos - A genus of about 70 species in Madagascar, Asia, China, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; two species occur naturally in Australia. Hay (1995).

Remusatia - A genus of about 3 species in northern Africa and Asia to Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Du Poy (1993)

Rhaphidophora - A genus of about 100 species in Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; three species occur naturally in Australia. Boyce (2001); Hay (1993b).

Scindapsus - A genus of about 40 species in Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Hay (1993a).

Syngonium - A genus of about 40 species in the West Indies, Central and South America; one species has become naturalised in Australia.

Typhonium - A genus of about 40 species from SE Asia to Australia; about 20 species occur in Australia.

References

Boyce, P.C. (2001). The genus Rhaphidophora Hassk. (Araceae-Monsteroideae-Monstereae) in New Guinea, Australia and the Tropical Western Pacific. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 53:75-183.

Brand Miller, J., James, K.W. & Maggiore, P. (1993). Tables of Composition of Australian Aboriginal Foods. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press.

Du Puy, D.J. (1993). Araceae. Flora of Australia 50.

Evans, O.D. (1962). Araceae. Contributions from the New South Wales National Herbarium, Flora Series, Nos 21-22:6-13.

Hay, A. (1990). 'Aroids of Papua New Guinea.' (Kristen Press Inc.: Madang.), 120 pp.

Hay, A. (1993a). Araceae. In Harden, G.J. (Ed.) 'Flora of New South Wales.' Vol. 4, (New South Wales University Press: Kensington.), pp. 31-36.

Hay, A. (1993b). Rhaphidophora petrieana - a new aroid liane from tropical Queensland; with a synopsis of Australian Araceae - Monstereae. Telopea 5:293-300.

Hay, A. (1995). The genus Pothos L. (Araceae-Pothoeae) in New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Australia. Blumea 40:397-419.

Hay, A. & Wise, R. (1991). The genus Alocasia in Australasia. Blumea 35:499-545.

Hay, A. (1993) The genus Typhonium (Araceae - Areae) in Australasia. Blumea 37(2): 345-376.

Hay, A., Bogner, J., Boyce, P.C., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Jacobsen, N. & Murata, J. (1995). Checklist and botanical bibliography of the aroids of Malesia, Australia and the tropical western Pacific region. Blumea Supplement 8:1-161.

Hetterscheid, W.L.A. & Peng, C-I. (1995). Notes on the genus Amorphophallus (Araceae): IV. Revision of the species in Taiwan. Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica (Taipei) 36: 101-12.

Hetterscheid, W.L.A. & P.C. Boyce, 2000. A reclassification of Sauromatum Schott and new species of Typhonium Schott (Araceae). Aroideana 23: 48 - 55.

Hetterscheid, W.L.A., D. Sookchaloem & J. Murata, 2001. Typhonium (Araceae) of Thailand: new species and a revised key. Aroideana 24: 30 - 55.

Nicholson, D.H. & Sivadasan, M. (1981). Four frequently confused species of Typhonium Schott (Araceae). Blumea 27(2): 483-497.

Sookchaloem, D. (1995). Typhonium (Araceae) in Thailand. Thai For. Bull. (Bot.) 23: 18-39.

Sriboonma, D., Murata, J. & Iwatsuki, K. (1994). A revision of Typhonium (Araceae). J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, III, 14(4): 255 - 313.