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Copyright Barry Jago
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Ardisia elliptica Thunb
Thunberg, C.P. (1798) Nova Genera Plantarum 8: 119. Type: Sri Lanka.
Ardisia solanacea Roxb., Hort. Bengal: 16(1814), Type: India.. Ardisia humilis Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3: 40(1794), Type: Ind. or.: Malaya.
Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub about 2 m tall.
Leaf blades about 10-13 x 3.5-4.5 cm, petioles about 0.9-1.6 cm, grooved on the upper surface. Lateral veins curving inside the blade margin and forming inconspicuous loops. Oil dots translucent in fresh material (pink to red in dried leaves), numerous, rather large, mainly orbicular in shape with a scattering of streaky dots.
Features not available.
Fruits depressed globose, about 10-12 mm diam, calyx persistent at the base. Seeds globose, about 6 mm diam. Testa with longitudinal striations. Embryo about 4 mm long. Radicle about 3.5 mm long, much longer than the cotyledons.
Cotyledons broadly elliptic to orbicular, about 13-22 x 7-11 mm, glabrous, petioles short, about 2-3 mm long. Oil dots red. First pair of leaves about 22-28 x 10-14 mm, petioles 2-4 mm long. Oil dots red. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade narrowly elliptic, oil dots red, mainly orbicular in shape.
Distribution and Ecology
This species may have medicinal properties. Previously this species was incorrectly referred to as Ardisia solanacea.
Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)