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Family Profile

Asteraceae

Family Description

A family of about 900 genera and perhaps 13,000 species, cosmopolitan, reaching its best development in temperate and subtropical regions which are not densely forested; about 200 genera (many of which are introduced) occur in Australia.

Genera

Acanthospermum - A genus of about 8 species from tropical America; one introduced weed species occurs in Australia.

Adenostemma - A genus of about 14 species in tropical and subtropical America, Africa, Asia, Malesia and Australia; two species occur naturally in Australia.

Ageratum - A genus of about 40 species from tropical America; two introduced weed species occurs in Australia, one in northern Australia.

Bidens - A genus of about 230 species, cosmopolitan; four species have become naturalised in Australia.

Blainvillea - A genus of 10 species in America, some are pantropical weeds. One species naturalised in Australia.

Blumea - A genus of about 50 species in Africa, Madagascar, India, eastern Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; about eight species occur naturally in Australia.

Calyptocarpus - A genus of about 10 species from the Americas; one species became naturalised in Australia.

Cassinia - A genus of 28 species in Africa, Australia and New Zealand; about 20 species occur naturally in Australia. Stanley & Ross (1986).

Centratherum - A genus of ca. 40 species mainly from the New World. One naturalised and one native species occur in Australia.

Chromolaena - A genus of about 165 species mainly from the Americas; two species have been recorded as weeds in Australia.

Cirsium - A genus of about 150 species centred in the northern hemisphere; about four species have become naturalised in Australia.

Conyza - A genus of about 50 species in temperate and subtropical regions; about six species have become naturalised in Australia.

Coronidium - A genus of 17 species endemic to eastern Australia except for two that are also found in south-eastern South Australia of which one extends into Tasmania. Wilson, Paul G.(2008).

Cosmos - A genus of about 25 species from tropical and subtropical America; two species have become naturalised in Australia. Stanley & Ross (1986).

Crassocephalum - A genus of about 25 species in Africa and Madagascar; one species has become naturalised in Australia.

Cyanthillium - A genus of 1 or 2 species from Asia; one species in Australia, probably naturalised.

Dichrocephala - A genus of about 13 species in Africa, Madagascar, Asia, Malesia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Stanley & Ross (1986).

Eclipta - A genus of three to four species, pantropic; two species occur naturally in Australia. Stanley & Ross (1986).

Elephantopus - A genus of about 30 species, most from the New World with 5 species from Africa and 2 species from Asia. One species has become naturalised in Australia.

Eleutheranthera - A monotypic genus from tropical America naturalised in Australia.

Emilia - A genus of +/- 100 species of tropical Africa, Asia and the Pacific Islands. One species naturalised in Australia.

Erechtites - A genus of about 15 species in North and South America; one species has become naturalised in Australia. Stanley & Ross (1986).

Eupatorium - A genus of about 1200 species mostly in the Americas with only a few species in Europe and Asia; three species have become naturalised in Australia.

Gynura - A genus of about 40 species from tropical Africa and Madagascar to Asia with most species in southeast Asia. A single species with two varieties native to Australia.

Melanthera - A genus of 35 species in eastern North America, Central America, West Indies, South America, Africa, Asia, and islands in the Indian and Pacific oceans; one species occurs in Australia. Wagner & Robinson (2001).

Mikania - A genus of about 250 species in Africa and the Americas; one species has become naturalised in Australia.

Montanoa - A genus of about 50 species in Central and South America; one or two species have become naturalised in Australia. Brown et al. (1992); Kleinschmidt & Johnson (1977).

Olearia - A genus of about 100 species in New Guinea, Australia and New Zealand; about 80 species occur naturally in Australia. Stanley & Ross (1986).

Ozothamnus - A genus of more than 50 species in Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia; 44 species occur naturally in Australia. Everett (1992).

Phacellothrix - A monotypic genus native to Australia.

Praxelis - A genus of about 14 species from tropical America; one species naturalised in Australia.

Pseudelephantopus - A small genus of one to three species in Central and South America; one species has become naturalised in Australia. Kleinschmidt & Johnson (1977).

Senecio - A large genus of about 2000 species, cosmopolitan; about 87 species occur in Australia, and ten species have become naturalised. Hnatiuk (1990); Stanley & Ross (1986); Thompson (2006).

Sigesbeckia - A genus of six species in tropical and temperate parts of the world; one species (probably naturalised) occurs in Australia. Stanley & Ross (1986).

Sphagneticola - A genus of four species native to Mexico to Argentina. One species naturalised in Australia.

Synedrella - A genus of about 50 species in the Americas, Africa, Madagascar and India; one species has become naturalised in Australia. However, the generic delimitation from Calyptocarpus may not be clear. Bailey & White (1917).

Tagetes - A genus of about 50 species in tropical and subtropical America; one species has become naturalised in Australia. Brown et al. (1992); Stanley & Ross (1986).

Tithonia - A genus of about ten species in Central America and the West Indies; two species have become naturalised in Australia. Stanley & Ross (1986).

Tridax - A genus of about 26 species from Mexico and tropical America. A single species has naturalised in Australia and is regarded as a weed.

Vernonia - A genus of about 650 species in tropical and temperate America, Madagascar, Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Stanley & Ross (1986).

Vittadinia - A genus of about 20 species from New Guinea, New Caledonia, New Zealand and Australia; ca. 16 species occur in Australia.

Youngia - A genus of about 40 species mostly from Asia; one species naturalised in Australia.

References

Bailey, J.F. & White, C.T. (1917). Contributions to the Queensland Flora. Queensland Department of Agriculture and Stock, Botany Bulletin No. 19:10.

Brown, E.A. et al. (1992). Asteraceae. In Harden, G.J. (Ed.) 'Flora of New South Wales.' Vol. 3, (New South Wales University Press: Kensington.), pp. 131-341.

Burbidge, N.T. (1982) A revision of Vittadinia A. Rich (Compositae) together with reinstatement of Eurybiopsis DC. and description of a new genus, Camptacra. Brunonia 5(1): 1-72

Evertt, J. (1992). Ozothamnus. In Harden, G.J. (Ed.) 'Flora of New South Wales.' Vol. 3, (New South Wales University Press: Kensington.), p. 237-243.

Green, P.S. in Wilson, A.J.G. (Ed) (1994), Flora of Australia 49: 398.

Hnatiuk, R. (1990). 'Census of Australian Vascular Plants.' Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11, (Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.), 650 pp.

Kleinschmidt, H.E. & Johnson, R.W. (1977). 'Weeds of Queensland.' (Government Printer: Brisbane.), 469 pp. Koster, J.T. (1972). The Compositae of New Guinea III. Blumea 20:193-226.

Koster, J.T. (1976) The Compositae of New Guinea V. Blumea 23(1): 166-167.

Melchert, T.E. (1975) New combinations in the Coreopsidinae. Phytologia 32(4).

Nesom, G.L. (1994) Peripleura (Asteraceae: Astereae): a new, Australian genus segregated from Vittadinia. Phytologia 76(2)

Smith, A.C. (1991). Blumea milnei. In 'Flora Vitiensis Nova A New Flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only).' Vol. 5 , (National Tropical Botanical Garden: Lawai ) Pg. 310.

Smith, A.C. & Carr, G.D. (1991) Asteraceae. Flora Vitiensis Nova 5

Stanley, T.D. & Ross, E.M. (1986). Asteraceae. In 'Flora of south-eastern Queensland.' Vol. 2, (Queensland Department of Primary Industries: Brisbane.), pp. 495-597.

Thompson, I.R. (2008) A taxonomic treatment of tribe Senecioneae (Asteraceae) in Australia. Muelleria 24:51-110

Thompson, I.R. (2007) A taxonomic treatment of tribe Lactuceae (Asteraceae) in Australia. Muelleria 25: 69-70

Wagner, W.L. & Robinson, H. (2001). Brittonia 53(4): 539-561