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Family Profile


Family Description

A family of about 100 genera and 2000 species, cosmopolitan; about 13 genera occur naturally in Australia.


Carmona - A monotypic genus in Malesia, China, India, Australia and the Solomon Islands. Riedl (1997).

Cordia - A genus of about 250 species, pantropic; two species occur naturally in Australia and one species has become naturalised. Johnston (1951).

Cynoglossum - A genus of about 55 species from temperate and warm temperate regions of the world; two species occur naturally in Australia.

Ehretia - A genus of about 50 species, pantropic; about five species occur naturally in Australia. Johnston (1951).

Heliotropium - A genus of about 300 species in the tropical and temperate zones of the world; 81 species occur naturally in Australia.

Trichodesma - A genus of about 40 species in Africa, Asia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Riedl (1997), Stanley & Ross (1986).


Bailey, F.M. (1900). Boraginaceae. In 'The Queensland Flora.' Parts 3 & 4, (H.J. Diddams & Co.: Brisbane.), pp. 1035-1052.

Johnston, I.M. (1951). Studies in the Boraginaceae, XX. Representatives of three subfamilies in eastern Asia. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 32:1-26.

Riedl, H. (1997). Boraginaceae. In 'Flora Malesiana.' Ser. 1, Vol. 13, (Foundation Flora Malesiana: Leiden.) pp. 43-144.

Stanley, T.D. & Ross, E.M. (1986). Boraginaceae. In 'Flora of south-eastern Queensland.' Vol. 2, (Queensland Department of Primary Industries: Brisbane.), pp. 356-363.