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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, Epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Breynia cernua (Poir.) Mull.Arg.
Mueller Argoviensis, J. (1866) Prodromus 15: 439. Type: ?.
Melanthesa cernua Decne., Nouvelles Annales du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 3: 483(1835), Type: Timor, J. Decaisne; holo: P?.
Imer; Gamer; Gagilamo; Gambiran
Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub 1-2 m tall.
Leaves arranged distichously on twigs so that each twig resembles a compound leaf. Stipules broadly triangular, small but persistent, about 1-2 mm long. Leaf blades about 25-40 x 15-23 mm. Lateral veins forming fairly distinct loops inside the blade margin. Leaves do NOT emit an obnoxious odour when crushed.
Flowers about 1-1.5 mm diam. at anthesis. Male flowers: Flowers with sessile anthers, fused to one another to form a staminal column in the centre of the flower. Female flowers: Flowers with a perianth that resembles an eggcup with the gynoecium enclosed like an egg in an eggcup. Style fleshy and swollen.
Cotyledons elliptic to obovate, about 8-10 x 4-5 mm. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade with a very small mucro at the apex, leaves arranged distichously on lateral shoots so that each lateral shoot resembles a compound leaf. Stipules triangular, about 0.5-2 mm long.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 800 m. Grows in beach forest, monsoon forest and vine thickets. Also occurs in Malesia.
Food plant for the larval stages of the Common Grass Yellow Butterfly. Common & Waterhouse (1981).
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)