Click on images
Herbarium specimen. Copyright CSIRO
Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz
Kurz, W.S. (1871) Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. Part 2. Natural history 40: 52. Type: ?.
Cotyledon pinnata Lam., Encyclopedie Methodique, Botanique 2: 141(1783), Type: LIsle de France.
Air Plant; Mother of Millions
Leaves succulent. Lower and uppermost leaves simple, middle leaves usually pinnately compound with 3-5 leaflets, opposite, blades flat, elliptic, 5-20 x 2-10 cm, margins crenate, sometimes producing plantlets, petioles 2-10 cm long.
Flowers in paniculate cymes 20-80 cm long, each pendent on pedicels 1-2.5 cm long; sepals pale yellow streaked with red, connate, cylindrical, inflated and papery, tube 2.5-4.5 cm long, the lobes +/- 1 cm long; corolla 3-6 cm long, the exserted part maroon, sparsely glandular pubescent.
Features not available.
Distribution and Ecology
An introduced species originally from Madagascar now naturalized in NEQ as far south as Brisbane. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 780 m. Occurs in Eucalyptus forest, strand forest and Casuarina woodland. More common in dune vegetation.
Plants contain bufadienolide cardiac glycosides that can cause cardiac poisoning, particularly in grazing animals (McKenzie 1986 & 1987).
Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)