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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Vine stem bark and vine stem transverse section. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Caesalpinia major (Medik.) Dandy & Exell
Dandy, J.E. & Exell, A.W. (1938) The Journal of Botany 76: 180. Type: ?.
Bonduc majus Medik., Theod. Spec.: 43(1786), Type: Moluccas, Rumphius, Herb. Amboin. 5: t. 48 (1747); lecto: the plate. Caesalpinia broomensis Hochr., Candollea: 385(1925), Type: Western Australia, Broome, 4 feb. 1905, B. P. G. Hochreutiner 2841; holo: G(?).
Yellow Nicker; Hawaii Pearls
Vine stem diameters to 4 cm recorded. Blaze odour may resemble that of green beans (Phaseolus vulgaris).
Leaflet blades about 3-5 x 2-3 cm, leaflet stalks about 1 mm long. Underside of the leaflet blades clothed in short pale yellowish hairs. Twigs and leaves often without spines. Stipules linear, about 1-2 mm long.
Inflorescence about 10-50 cm long. Pedicels about 6-12 mm long. Sepals about 9-12 mm long. Petals obovate, about 12-15 mm long. Stamens about 8-12 mm long, anthers about 1.4-1.8 mm long. Ovary about 7 mm long. Ovules 4 per ovary.
Fruits about 8-13 x 4-6 cm, base acute, apex obtuse, surface clothed in spines about 5-10 mm long. Style persistent at the apex as a beak about 11 mm long. Seeds 2-4 per pod, each seed about 15-25 mm diam., testa yellow to brown or greenish grey.
Features not available.
Distribution and Ecology
This species may have medicinal properties. (http://uog2.uog.edu/cals/POG/caesal.html)
Used in the manufacture of necklaces. (http://daphne.palomar.edu/wayne/nicker.htm#nicker 2.gif)