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Family Profile

Caesalpiniaceae

Family Description

A family of about 150 genera and 2200 species; pantropic, extending into subtropical regions but with a few species in temperate areas; about 15 or 16 genera occur naturally in Australia.

Genera

Bauhinia - A genus of about 300 species in tropical America, Africa and Asia; one species has become naturalised in Australia. George (1998b); Wit (1956).

Caesalpinia - A genus of about 100 species, pantropic; about nine or ten species occur naturally in Australia and two species have become naturalised. Ding Hou et al. (1996); George (1998a); Hattink (1974); Pedley (1997).

Cassia - A genus of about 30 species, cosmopolitan but more common in the tropics. Two species occur naturally in Australia. Hou et al. (1996); Irwin & Barneby (1981); Randell (1988, 1989, 1991); Randell & Barlow (1998a); Symon (1966); White (1939).

Crudia - A genus of about 50-60 species, pantropic; two species occur naturally in Australia.

Cynometra - A genus of about 70 species, pantropic; two species occur naturally in Australia. Cowan & Polhill (1981); Hou et al. (1996); Meeuwen (1970).

Delonix - A genus of ten species in Africa, the Middle East and India; one species has become naturalised in Australia. Hou et al. (1996); Ross (1998b).

Erythrophleum - A genus of nine species in Africa, Madagascar, Asia, Malesia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Blake (1954); Ross (1998d).

Intsia - A genus of three species in Madagascar, Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Hou et al. (1996); Ross (1986, 1998h).

Labichea - A genus of 14 species endemic to Australia. Irwin & Barneby (1981); Ross (1998f).

Maniltoa - A genus of 20-25 species in Asia, Malesia, Australia and Fiji; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Hou et al. (1996); Meeuwen (1970); Verdcourt (1977); Ross (1998g).

Parkinsonia - A genus of about 11-15 species in the Americas and Africa; one species has become naturalised in Australia. Polhill & Vidal (1981); Ross (1998c); Stanley & Ross (1983).

Peltophorum - A genus of nine to fifteen species, pantropic; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Blake (1954); Hou et al. (1996); Ross (1998a).

Senna - A genus of about 350 species, pantropic; about 60 species occur naturally in Australia and numerous species have become naturalised. Ding Hou et al. (1996); Randell (1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1995); Randell & Barlow (1998b).

Storckiella - A genus of four species in Australia, New Caledonia and Fiji; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Ross (1998e); Ross & Hyland (1983).

Tamarindus - A monotypic genus probably endemic to Africa but now widely cultivated throughout the tropics and has become naturalised in Australia. Hou et al. (1996); Ross (1998i).

References

Blake, S.T. (1954). Botanical contributions of the northern Australia regional survey. II. Studies on miscellaneous northern Australian plants. Australian Journal of Botany 2:99-140.

Cowan, R.S. & Polhill, R.M. (1981). Detarieae. In Polhill, R.M. & Raven, P.H. (Eds) 'Advances in Legume Systematics.' Part 1, (Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew.), pp. 117-134.

Ding Hou, Larsen, K. & Larsen, S.S. (1996). Caesalpiniaceae (Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae). In 'Flora Malesiana.' Ser. 1, Vol. 12, (Rijksherbarium: Leiden.), pp. 409-730.

George, A.S. (1998a). Caesalpinia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 12, (CSIRO: Melbourne.) pp. 59-67.

George, A.S. (1998b). Bauhinia. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 12, (CSIRO: Melbourne.) pp. 160-166.

Hattink, T.A. (1974). A revision of Malesian Caesalpinia, including Mezoneuron (Leguminosae-Caesalpiniaceae). Reinwardtia 9:1-69.

Irwin, H.S. & Barneby, R.C. (1981). Cassieae. In Polhill, R.M. & Raven, P.H. (Eds) 'Advances in Legume Systematics.' Part 1, (Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew.), pp. 97-106.

Meeuwen, M.S. Knaap-van (1970). A revision of four genera of the tribe Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae-Cynometreae in Indomalesia and the Pacific. Blumea 18:1-52.

Pedley, L. (1977). Notes on Leguminosae. I. Austrobaileya 1:25-42.

Pedley, L. (1997). Notes on Caesalpinia subg. Mezoneuron (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 5:97-102.

Polhill, R.M. & Vidal, J.E. (1981). Caesalpinieae. In Polhill, R.M. & Raven, P.H. (Eds) 'Advances in Legume Systematics.' Part 1, (Royal Botanic Gardens: Kew.), pp. 81-95.

Randell, B.R. (1988). Revision of the Cassiinae in Australia. 1. Senna Miller sect. Chamaefistula (Colladon) Irwin and Barneby. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 11:19-49.

Randell, B.R. (1989). Revision of the Cassiinae in Australia. 2. Senna Miller sect. Psilorhegma (J. Vogel) Irwin and Barneby. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 12:165-270.

Randell, B.R. (1990). Revision of the Cassiinae in Australia. 3. Senna Miller sect. Senna. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 13:1-16.

Randell, B.R. (1991). Cassia, Chamaecrista and Senna. In Harden, G.J. (Ed.) 'Flora of New South Wales.' Vol. 2, (New South Wales University Press: Kensington.), pp. 316-322.

Randell, B.R. (1995). Taxonomy and evolution of Senna obtusifolia and S. tora. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 16:55-58.

Randell B.R. & Barlow, B.A. (1998a). Cassia. In Flora of Australia. Vol. 12, (CSIRO: Melbourne.) pp. 75-80.

Randell B.R. & Barlow, B.A. (1998b). Senna. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 12, (CSIRO: Melbourne.) pp. 89-138.

Ross, J.H. (1986). Notes on Afzelia Sm. & Petalostylis R.Br. (Caesalpiniaceae). Muelleria 6:211-215.

Ross, J.H. (1998a). Peltophorum. In Flora of Australia. Vol. 12, (CSIRO: Melbourne.) pp. 56-58.

Ross, J.H. (1998b). Delonix. In Flora of Australia. Vol. 12, (CSIRO: Melbourne.) pp. 58-59.

Ross, J.H. (1998c). Parkinsonia. In Flora of Australia. Vol. 12, (CSIRO: Melbourne.) pp. 69-70.

Ross, J.H. (1998d). Erythrophleum. In Flora of Australia. Vol. 12, (CSIRO: Melbourne.) pp. 70-72.

Ross, J.H. (1998e). Storckiella. In Flora of Australia. Vol. 12, (CSIRO: Melbourne.) pp. 73-75.

Ross, J.H. (1998f). Labichea. In Flora of Australia. Vol. 12, (CSIRO: Melbourne.) pp. 146-157.

Ross, J.H. (1998g). Maniltoa. In Flora of Australia. Vol. 12, (CSIRO: Melbourne.) pp. 169-171.

Ross, J.H. (1998h). Intsia. In Flora of Australia. Vol. 12, (CSIRO: Melbourne.) pp. 171-173. Ross, J.H. (1998i). Tamarindus. In Flora of Australia. Vol. 12, (CSIRO: Melbourne.) pp. 176-178.

Ross, J.H. & Hyland, B.P.M. (1983). Storckiella australiensis sp. nov. (Caesalpiniaceae) from northern Queensland: a new generic record for Australia. Muelleria 5:215-217.

Stanley, T.D. & Ross, E.M. (1983). Caesalpiniaceae. In 'Flora of south-eastern Queensland.' Vol. 1, (Queensland Department of Primary Industries: Brisbane.), pp. 387-397.

Symon, D.E. (1966). A revision of the genus Cassia in Australia. Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of South Australia 90:73-146.

Symon, D.E. (1983). Caesalpinioideae. In Morley, B.D. & Toelken, H.R. (Eds) 'Flowering Plants in Australia.' (Rigby Publishers: Adelaide.), pp. 148-151.

Verdcourt, B. (1977). New taxa of Leguminosae from New Guinea. Kew Bulletin 32:225-251.

White, C.T. (1939). Contributions to the Queensland Flora, No. 6. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 50:66-87. Wit, H.C.D. de (1956). A revision of Malaysian Bauhinieae. Reinwardtia 3:381-541.