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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, longitudinal section and seeds. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thomson
Roxburgh, W. in Carey, W. (ed.) (1820) Flora Indica 1: 130. Type: ?.
Uvaria odorata Lam., Encyclopedie methodique Botanique 1: 595(1785), Type: Malesia?. Fitzgeraldia mitrastigma F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 6: 1(1868), Type: In silvis ad sinum Rockinghams Bay. Dallachy.
Perfume Tree; Ylang-Ylang; Woolly Pine; Macassa Oil Tree; Cananga
Fibrous stripes forming a lace-like pattern in the blaze but a corresponding pattern or grain not apparent in the wood. Brown bundles of fibres visible in the blaze.
Leaf blades about 8-22 x 5-9 cm. Fine oak grain in the twigs. Scattered or sparsely scattered small oil dots visible with a lens.
Flowers very fragrant. Petals about 5-9 cm long, much larger than the calyx. Anther connective acute and projecting above and covering the anthers. Ovaries 6-13. Ovules 4-8 per ovary. Stigmas +/- fused to form a domed mass.
Cotyledons ovate to elliptic, about 20-25 x 12-15 mm, apex obtuse, base cuneate to obtuse. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves hairy on both the upper and lower surfaces, mainly along midrib and lateral veins; oil dots very small, visible only with a lens.
Distribution and Ecology
The flowers of this species produce a perfumed oil in glands near the base. This oil can be extracted and has been used in perfumery. Corner (1952).