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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Vine stem transverse section. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Capparis quiniflora DC.
Candolle, A.P. de (1824) Prodromus 1: 247. Type: in Novae-Hollandiae ora boreali. (v.s. in h. Mus. Par.).
Usually grows to form a tree-top vine but can flower and fruit when still at the shrub stage. Vine stem diameters to 5 cm recorded.
Flowers produced in a straight line, one above the other, from the twigs, above each leaf. Sepals about 4-5 x 2-3 mm, the outer pair wider than the inner pair. Petals about 5-7 x 2-4 mm. Stamens seven or eight rarely up to 12. Gynophore about 20-28 mm long, +/- glabrous.
Fruit subglobular, about 2-2.8 cm diam., pericarp corky-leathery, tuberculate. Seeds numerous, embedded in granular material, each seed about 5-6 mm long. Cotyledons folded and rolled and located +/- in the centre of the embryo spiral.
Cotyledons lanceolate-ovate, about 20-30 x 10-25 mm, apex acute, base obtuse. First pair of leaves elliptic to lanceolate, leaf blade about 3 x 1 cm, underside sparsely clothed in brown medifixed hairs. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade ovate-lanceolate, about 6-7 x 2.5 cm, without spines, petiole about 0.6-0.7 cm long, underside clothed in medifixed hairs at least when young. Twigs and petioles clothed in +/- prostrate, medifixed ferruginous hairs.
Distribution and Ecology
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)