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Carissa scabra

Family

Apocynaceae

Botanical Name

Carissa scabra R.Br.

Brown, R. (1810) Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae: 468. Type: v.v.

Stem

Scrambling to much branched woody shrub to 1 m tall. Axillary spines 7-12 mm long, simple to tripartite.

Leaves

Leaf blades thickly textured; 15-35 x 7-15 mm, margins revolute; upper surface dark green, scabrid; lower surface with sparse to dense indumentum; petioles 1.5-2 mm long producing a milky exudate when broken. Stipules spiny, 3-4 mm long.

Flowers

Cyme up to 2 mm long; peduncle up to 2 mm long. Flowers 8-12 mm long, 5-6 mm diameter, scented; pedicels 2-3 mm long, glabrous. Sepals lanceolate, 3-3.2 x 0.7-0.9 mm, glabrous. Corolla tube 7-9 x 1.5-2 mm, with scattered to sparse hairs on outside, internally glabrous; lobes lanceolate, 2.7-2.9 x 0.9-1 mm covered in scattered hairs.Stamens inserted 3-3.2 mm from top of tube.

Fruit

Fruit globose-ovoid, 12-15 mm, fleshy, with an apiculate tip, glossy black-purple when ripe.

Seedlings

Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Native species growing in rainforest, also in open woodland in rocky places on granite or sandstone.

Natural History

The fruit is edible with a tart taste (Forster 1992).

CYP

X

NEQ

X

Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)

X

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)

X

RFK Code

4022