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Cassia sp. Kalpowar (D.G.Fell DF2769)

Family

Caesalpiniaceae

Botanical Name

Cassia sp. Kalpowar (D.G.Fell DF2769)

() : . Type: ?.

Stem

Grows into a small tree not exceeding 30 cm dbh.

Leaves

Leaflets about 6-12 in each compound leaf, usually 10. Leaflet about 4.5-9 x 3-4.2 cm, leaflet stalks about 5-7 mm long. Stipules ca. 1 mm long, clothed in redd ish hairs, falling very quickly. Ca. 15 lateral veins on each side, depressed above.

Flowers

Flowers 30-35 mm diam., pedicels 3-4 cm long; pedicel articulated in upper half. Each pedicel subtended by a bract 4-6 mm long, above which there are two smaller bracteoles; pedicels densely clothed in short reddish hairs. Sepals unequal, 7-10 mm long; petals more or less equal, 20-22 mm long, obovate; anterior petal with red at base. 3 petals face up, 2 face down. Stamens unequal, 5 types: a) 3 long under ovary with 2 curves ca. 20 mm long; b) 2 short above ovary ca. 13 mm long; c) 2 "wings" ca. 8 mm long; d) 2 side anteriors ca. 7 mm long; e) 1 anterior 5 mm long. Ovary and style hairy, curved ca. 15-20 mm long. Ovules numerous, in 2 rows.

Fruit

Pods 30 cm or more long, moniliform, +/- circular in transverse section.

Seedlings

Cotyledons about 16-19 x 7-9 mm. First leaf compound with 4-6 leaflets. At the tenth leaf stage: stipules small, about 0.5 mm, triangular, clothed in red hairs. Stem, petioles and the terminal bud also clothed in red hairs. Taproot swollen.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in NEQ, known only from collections made on Kalpowar Pastoral Holding. Occurs in NEQ. Altitudinal range not known but probably low, being found at 100 m. Grows in monsoon forest and rain forest.

CYP

X

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)

X

Tree

X

RFK Code

1182