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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Dehiscing fruit. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Vine stem transverse section. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Celastrus subspicatus Hook.
Hooker, W.J. (1841) Hooker's Icones Plantarum 5: t. 48. Type: Cultivated at Kew; holo: K. Fide N. S. Lander & L. A. S. Johnson, Telopea 1: 35, 37 (1975).
Large-leaf Staff Vine; White Vine; Large Staff Vine; Vine, Large Staff; Vine, Large-Leaf Staff
Usually grows as a tree-top vine but can flower and fruit when at the shrub stage. Vine stem diameters to 4 cm recorded. Sapwood surface somewhat corrugated. A thin orange layer generally visible beneath the dead bark. Vascular rays not particularly obvious in the wood in stem cross sections.
Stipules linear, very fine, about 1.5-2.5 mm long. Leaf blades about 5-14 x 2-7 cm, petioles about 0.4-1 cm long, channelled on the upper surface. Lateral veins curving but not forming definite loops inside the blade margin. Twig bark marked by numerous elongated, pale-coloured lenticels.
Sepals about 0.7 mm long. Petals about 2-2.8 x 1.6 mm. Staminal filaments fused near the base forming a ring around the ovary. Staminodes of the female flowers similar to the stamens in the male flower but smaller. Ovules 2 per locule. Style about 1-1.2 mm long. Stigma globular, +/- 5-lobed.
Cotyledons about 17-22 x 11-17 mm, petiole short, about 1 mm long. First pair of leaves with toothed margins. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves with teeth on the margins but only in the apical half. Stipules about 1.5 mm long. Pale lenticels visible on the stem.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to Australia, occurs in NEQ and southwards as far as coastal central New South Wales. Altitudinal range in NEQ from 300-800 m. Grows in a variety of rain forests but is more commonly encountered in the drier, more marginal rain forest types often associated with Kauri Pine (Agathis robusta).
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)