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Herbarium specimen. Copyright CSIRO
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.
Urban, I. in Martius, C.F.P. von (1879) Flora Brasiliensis 11(1): 287, t. 78, fig. 1. Type: ?.
Hydrocotyle asiatica L., Species Plantarum 1: 234(1753), Type: Habitat in India.
Gotu Kola; Pennywort
Stems creep over the soil surface and produce roots at the nodes.
Inflorescence umbellate with 1-4-6 flowers in each umbel. Peduncle 8-12 mm long. Flowers about 3 mm diam. Calyx absent. Petals ephemeral, obovate to orbicular, 0.8-1 mm diam. Ovary bilobed, laterally compressed, about 2 x 2.5 mm, mainly red except for two green glands at the apex. Styles 2. Stigmas 2.
Fruits 3-4 x 4 mm, laterally compressed and consisting of two mericarps. Seeds about 3-4 x 2 mm, surface ornamented with longitudinal lines. Embryo minute.
Features not available.
Distribution and Ecology
Known to occur in all the states. Grows mainly in damp places in swamps and various types of forest from 0-1000 m altitude.
A weed of disturbed moist places.
Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)