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Cissus hastata

Family

Vitaceae

Botanical Name

Cissus hastata Miq.

Miquel, F.A.W. (1863) Fl. Ned. Ind. Eerste bijv. 1: 517. Type: Sumatra occid. in prov. Priaman, Diepenhorst,s.n.; holo: D..

Synonyms

Vitis hastata Miq., Ann. mus. lugd.-bat. 1: 85(1863), Type: ?. Vitis sagittifolia M.Lawson, Fl. Brit. India 1: 645(1875), Type: Wall. Cat. No. 5991; holo: K-Wall.

Stem

Vine stem diameters to 5 cm recorded.

Leaves

Leafy stems square in transverse section and usually clothed in a glaucous bloom. Stipules caducous, spathulate, about 3-4 x 2-3 mm. Leaf blades about 5-12 x 3-9 cm, petioles about 1.5-4.5 cm long. Leaf blade marginal teeth quite small, about 7-14 on each side of the leaf blade. Tendril simple (unbranched) leaf-opposed.

Flowers

Inflorescences leaf-opposed. Flowers about 3 mm long and about 6 mm diam. Calyx cupular, less than 1 mm long, lobes not visible. Petals caducous, about 2 mm long, hooded at the apex. Stamens about 1.5 mm long. Ovules two per locule. Style about 1 mm long.

Fruit

Fruits globular to depressed globular, about 6 x 8 mm. Seeds about 4-5 mm long, pointed at one end. Embryo about 1-1.5 mm long. Cotyledons sometimes half folded or crimped. Cotyledons slightly wider but shorter than the radicle. Radicle about 0.8 mm long.

Seedlings

Cotyledons about 12-22 x 21-31 mm, much wider than long, shaped like a butterfly wing. Margins toothed (praemorse) petioles about 14 mm long, deeply channelled on the upper surface. Stipules present. First pair of leaves cordate, blades about 40 x 27 mm, petioles about 28 mm long, apex acuminate, base cordate, glabrous, margins toothed. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade cordate, about 8.5 x 5.5 cm, apex acuminate, base truncate to cordate, margin toothed with about 10-16 teeth on each side, petiole about 2.3 cm long, grooved on the upper surface. Midrib raised on the upper surface. Lower surface of the leaf blade sparsely clothed in multicellular, translucent, medifixed hairs. Stipules about 2-4 x 3 mm, sometimes wider than long. Tendrils simple (unbranched) leaf-opposed, usually produced between the eighth and tenth leaf stage.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in CYP, NEQ and southwards to coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1000 m. Grows in lowland and upland rain forest. Also occurs in Asia and Malesia.

CYP

X

NEQ

X

Vine

X

RFK Code

2135