Click on images
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Fruit, several views, transverse sections and seeds. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Leaves and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
Vine stem bark and vine stem transverse section. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cissus sterculiifolia (Benth.) Planch.
Planchon, J.E. in Candolle, A.L.P.P. de & Candolle, A.C.P. de (1887) Monographiae Phanerogamarum 5: 519. Type: ?.
Vitis sterculiifolia Benth., Flora Australiensis 1: 450(1863), Type: NSW, Hastings River, Beckler; syn: MEL, K, BM. Cissus brachypoda (F.Muell.) Planch., Monographiae Phanerogamarum 5: 520(1887), Type: ?. Vitis brachypoda F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 9: 125(1875), Type: In silvis densis udis prope Rockinghams Bay; Dallachy. Holo: MEL.
Long-leaf Water Vine; Vine, Pomegranate; Long-leaved Grape; Vine, Long-leaf Water; Yaroong; Pomegranate Vine; Grape, Long-leaved
Vine stem diameters to 10 cm recorded.
Compound leaves digitately compound, usually with 3-5 leaflets. Leaflet blades about 8-17.5 x 3-8.5 cm, leaflet stalks about 0.5-3 cm long. Oil dots 'streaky', i.e. oblong or elongated, reddish, visible with a lens. Domatia are large hump-like foveoles with a small orifice. Stipules about 3-10 x 4 mm, each pair of stipules enveloping the terminal bud and falling as the bud expands. Tendrils simple (unbranched).
Flowers about 2 mm diam. Pedicels hairy. Calyx lobes hairy, about 0.1 mm long, margins laciniate. Petals glandular, about 1 mm long. Anthers about 0.1 mm long, filaments about 0.7 mm long. Disk about 0.1 mm high, margin lobed. Ovules two per locule.
Cotyledons about 39-45 x 20-25 mm, +/- 3-veined at the base, lateral veins forming loops inside the blade margin. First pair of leaves ovate, apex acute, base cuneate, margins with 2-5 teeth on each side. Stipules about 5 mm long. Leaves, stems and petioles sparsely clothed in medifixed hairs. At the tenth leaf stage: leaflet blades elliptic, apex acuminate, base attenuate. Margin with 2-5 serrate teeth on each side but mainly towards the apex. Midrib and lateral veins raised on the upper surface. Leaflets 2 or 3 per compound leaf. Foveoles large. Stipules caducous, about 11 mm long, +/- oblong, sheathing the terminal bud. Tendrils simple (unbranched) leaf-opposed, produced just after the tenth leaf.
Distribution and Ecology