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Cleidion javanicum

Family

Euphorbiaceae

Botanical Name

Cleidion javanicum Blume

Blume, C.L. von (1826) Bijdragen tot de Flora van Nederlandsch Indie 12: 613. Type: Lectotype (Kulju & Welzen, 2005): Blume s.n. 1336 (holo L, barcode L0270644), Java, in monte Bonkok Provinciae Tjanjor.

Synonyms

Acalypha spiciflorum Burm. f., Fl. Ind.: 203(1768), Type: Rumphius Herb. Amboin. Cleidion spiciflorum (Burm.f.) Merr., An Interpretation of Rumphius's Herbarium Amboinense: 322(1917), Type: ?.

Stem

Seldom exceeding 30 cm dbh.

Leaves

One or two flat glands normally visible on either side of the midrib on the upper surface at the base of the leaf blade; teeth rounded and often sparse. Domatia are shallow foveoles usually with hairs at the orifice. Leaf blades about 10-18 x 3-8 cm.

Flowers

Male flowers: Flowers about 2 mm diam., +/- sessile in fascicles, spikes or racemes. Anthers open by horizontal slits close to the top of the anther. Female flowers: Flowers about 10-14 mm diam. on long pedicels, solitary and axillary.

Fruit

Fruit about 20 mm diam., usually 2-lobed on a long stalk. Styles persistent. Cotyledons white or cream.

Seedlings

Cotyledons orbicular, about 30 mm diam., +/- sessile. At the tenth leaf stage: domatia are tufts of hairs; stipules narrowly triangular.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in CYP, NEQ and as far south as coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range from near sea level to about 600 m. Grows in well developed rain forest, usually gallery forest along creeks and rivers. Also occurs in Asia, Malesia, the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.

Natural History

This species may be poisonous. (http://squid2.laughingsquid.net/hosts/herbweb.com /herbage/A6529.htm)

CYP

X

NEQ

X

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)

X

Tree

X

RFK Code

471