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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Coffea arabica L.
Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum 2: 172. Type: Habitat in Arabia felici..
Arabica Coffee; Coffee, Arabica; Coffee; Arabian Coffee; Coffee, Arabian
A small tree not exceeding 20 cm dbh.
Stipules broad at the base but abruptly narrowed into a point at the apex. Leaf blades about 7-20 x 3-9 cm. Domatia are foveoles with a comparatively small elongated orifice. Midrib raised on the upper surface.
Calyx lobes small and inconspicuous. Bracteoles on the pedicels fused to form an epicalyx. Corolla glabrous throughout. Corolla tube 8-10 mm long, lobes about 8-11 mm long. One ovule in each ovary locule.
Cotyledons +/- orbicular or transversely elliptic, about 20-30 x 35-40 mm. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade elliptic, apex acuminate, base cuneate; stipules broad at the base but abruptly narrowed into a point at the apex.
Distribution and Ecology
An introduced species originally from East Africa, widely cultivated in Australia and now naturalized in places in NEQ, particularly on the Atherton Tableland. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 750 m. Grows in rain forest regrowth and disturbed rain forest.
Cultivated widely through out the world for it mass flowering and red fruits. Numerous strains and variety are grown for commercial coffee production.
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)