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Family Profile


Family Description

A family of about 20 genera and nearly 500 species, pantropic, well developed in Africa; five genera occur naturally in Australia.


Combretum - A genus of about 250 species, pantropic; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Exell (1954); Pedley (1990).

Dansiea - A genus of two species endemic to Australia. Byrnes (1981); Pedley (1990).

Macropteranthes - A genus of five species endemic to Australia. Forster (1994); Pedley (1990).

Quisqualis - A genus of about 17 species in Africa, Asia and Malesia. Exell (1954). One species may have become naturalised in Australia.

Terminalia - A genus of about 200 species, pantropic; 24 species occur naturally in Australia. Byrnes (1977); Coode (1973, 1978); Pedley (1990).


Byrnes, N.B. (1977). A revision of Combretaceae in Australia. Contributions from the Queensland Herbarium No. 20:1-88.

Byrnes, N.B. (1981). Addition to Combretaceae (Lagunclurieae) from Australia. Austrobaileya 1:385-387.

Coode, M.J.E. (1973). Notes on Terminalia L. (Combretaceae) in Papuasia. Contributions from Herbarium Australiense 2:1-33.

Coode, M.J.E. (1978). Combretaceae. In Womersley, J.S. (Ed.) 'Handbooks of the flora of Papua New Guinea.' Vol. 1, (Melbourne University Press: Melbourne.), pp. 43-110.

Exell, A.W.C. (1954). Combretaceae. In 'Flora Malesiana.' Ser. 1, Vol. 4, (P. Noordhoff Ltd: Groningen.), pp. 533-589.

Forster, P.I. (1994). Notes on Dansiea Byrnes and Macropteranthes F. Muell. (Combretaceae). Austrobaileya 4:149-153.

Pedley, L. (1990). Combretaceae. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 18, (Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.), pp. 255-293, 326-327.