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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
Fruits and transverse section. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Flower. Copyright Barry Jago
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cordyline cannifolia R.Br.
Brown, R. (1810) Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae: 280. Type: Queensland, Shoalwater Bay, Aug. 1802, R. Brown; holo: BM?; iso: K, MEL. Fide Pedley (1986).
Cordyline terminalis var. cannifolia (R.Br.) Baker, Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 14: 541(1875), Type: ?. Sansevieria cannifolia (R.Br.) Spreng., Systema Vegetabilium 2: 93(1825), Type: ?.
Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub, often single-stemmed and up to 5 m tall.
Leaf blades about 18-50 x 2.5-12 cm, slightly glaucous on the underside when fresh. Lateral veins more obvious on the underside of the leaf blade. Petiole about 5-20 cm long, grooved on the upper surface. Twigs or stems marked by conspicuous scars where the leaves were attached.
Inflorescence to 25 cm long, pedicels about 1-2 mm long with 3 or 4 bracts at the base. Sepals and petals about 6-8 mm long, minutely fimbriate at the tips. Anthers yellow, filaments white, glabrous. Pollen yellow. Ovary and style glabrous.
First pair of leaves about 8 x 2-3 mm, longitudinally veined, apices apiculate, petioles about 13 mm long, bases sheathing the stem. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves longitudinally veined, apices aristate. Petioles longitudinally veined and sheathing the stem. Petiole margins translucent. Tap root and other roots white.
Distribution and Ecology
Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)