Click on images
Leaves and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright B. Gray
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Crateva religiosa G.Forst.
Forster, J.G.A. (1786) De Plantis Esculentis: 45. Type: Reperitur ad Coemeteria insularum o Taheiti et Societatis, culta et deorum numini sacra..
Sacred Garlic-pear; March Dalur
Seldom exceeding 30 cm dbh. Blaze odour noticeable but difficult to describe.
Twig pith septate. Compound leaf petiole quite long, but variable, often almost as long as the leaflets. Leaflet blades about 6-18 x 3-7 cm. Lateral veins curved throughout their length but not forming conspicuous loops. Elongated pale lenticels usually obvious and numerous on the twigs.
Flowers large and showy, the petals turning +/- orange with age. Petals large, e.g. about 5-6 cm long overall, two petals large and two smaller. Petals clawed. Staminal filaments about 6-8 cm long, red or purple in colour.
Fruits large, about 6-15 x 5.5-9.5 cm, stalk about 12 cm long, surface +/- scurfy. Ripe fruit emits a strong nauseating odour. Exocarp hard, woody but brittle. Seeds quite large, about 6-17 mm diam. +/- horseshoe-shaped. Testa rugose. Embryo shaped like a horseshoe.
Cotyledons about 20-34 x 7-9 mm, +/- strap-like, thick and fleshy, flat on the upper surface and rounded on the lower surface. Venation longitudinal but obscure. Two cataphylls or axillary buds often produced just above the cotyledons. First pair of true leaves with narrowly lanceolate or elliptic leaflets. At the tenth leaf stage: lateral leaflets unequal-sided for at least half their length; leaflets sessile, stipules very small, only visible with a lens; stem usually marked with conspicuous pale lenticels.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in CYP in the Iron Range and McIlwraith Range areas. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 150 m. Grows near watercourses in rain forest and gallery forest. Also occurs in the Indian sub-continent, SE Asia, Malesia and the Pacific islands.
This species has a wide distribution from India to the Pacific Islands. In both India and the Pacific Islands this species is credited with occult powers and consequently was planted around temples and because of this association the specific epithet was chosen by the original author G. Forster. Jacobs (1964).
This small tree has considerable horticultural potential because of its showy white flowers produced while it is leafless. It is often cultivated where it naturally occurs from India to SE Asia.
The leaves of this species are reported as skin irritants. Quisumbing (1951) & Nadkarmi (1976).
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)