Click on images
Fruit, three views, cross section and seed. Copyright W. T. Cooper
Flowers. Copyright Australian Plant Image Index (APII). Photographer: M. Fagg.
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cryptocarya laevigata Blume
Blume, C.L. von (1827) Bijdragen tot de Flora van Nederlandsch Indie No. 7: 556. Type: in sylvis montanis. Java (?).
Oreodaphne bowiei Walp., Annales Botanicae Systematicae 1: 576(1849), Type: ?. Cryptocarya bowiei (Walp.) Druce, The Botanical Exchange Club and Society of the British Isles Report for 1916, Suppl. 2: 618(1917), Type: ?. Laurus bowiei Hook., Hooker's Journal of Botany 4: 418(1841), Type: long cultivated in the greenhouse of the Royal Botanic Garden of Kew, having been introduced from the Cape of Good Hope by Mr Bowie. Cryptocarya laevigata var. bowiei (Hook.) Kosterm., Reinwardtia 7: 470(1965), Type: ?. Cryptocarya australis (Hook.) Benth., Flora Australiensis 5: 299(1870), Type: ?. Caryodaphne australis A.Braun & Bouche, Species Novae et Minus Cognitae Horti Regii Botanici Berolinensis: (1851), Type: quem ex horto Pillnitz sub nomine Lauri Australis ex insula Norfolk accepimus, ... quae in horto Berolinensi coluntur, Laurus australis Hook., Hooker's Journal of Botany 4: 436(1841), Type: It is a native of Moreton Bay; Australia.
Glossy Laurel; Grey Sassafras; Laurel, Glossy; Red Fruited Laurel; Sassafras, Grey
Twigs +/- terete (slightly fluted, only when very young), clothed in straight, white or pale brown, appressed hairs when very young but soon becoming glabrous. Leaf blades about 5-15.5 x 1.3-6.1 cm, green and glabrous on the underside at maturity, with a few sparsely scattered straight, white or pale brown, appressed hairs visible only on very young leaves. Midrib usually flush with the upper surface (sometimes slightly raised). Petioles channelled on the upper surface. Oil dots visible with a lens.
Inflorescence racemose or paniculate, not exceeding the leaves. Flowers pleasantly perfumed or without any obvious odour. Lower half of the perianth tube glabrous on the inner surface. Tepals about 2.2-3.2 mm long, glabrous on the outer surface. Ovary and style glabrous.
First pair of leaves elliptic, lanceolate or ovate, about 45-70 x 22-30 mm, green on the underside. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade strongly 3-veined; oil dots small, numerous, visible only with a lens. Petiole sparsely hairy.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in NEQ and also in south-eastern Queensland and north-eastern New South Wales but not in coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range from sea level to 450 m. Grows as an understory tree in well developed lowland rain forest. Also occurs in Malesia.
Leaf material of this species was active against tumor cell cultures. Collins et al. (1990).
This species has no commercial value as it seldom grows large enough to produce millable logs. Wood specific gravity 0.86-0.91. Hyland (1989).
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)