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Family Profile

Cucurbitaceae

Family Description

A family of about 90-120 genera and 700-800 species, pantropic with a few species extending into the temperate zones; 13 genera occur naturally in Australia.

Genera

Cucumis - A genus of 28 species in tropical and southern Africa, tropical Asia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Telford (1982).

Diplocyclos - A genus of about four species in tropical Africa, Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Telford (1982).

Luffa - A genus of about six species in tropical America, Africa, Asia and Australia; two species occur naturally in Australia. Telford (1982).

Momordica - A genus of about 45 species in tropical Africa, Asia and Australia; two species occur naturally in Australia and one species has become naturalised. Telford (1982).

Muellerargia - A genus of two species, one species occurs in Madagascar and the other in Malesia and Australia. Telford (1982).

Neoachmandra - A genus of about 30 species in Africa, Madagascar, Asia, through Malesia to Australia and the Pacific; one species occurs naturally in Australia.

Neoalsomitra - A genus of about 11-15 species in SE Asia, Malesia and Australia; four or five species occur naturally in Australia. Telford (1982); Wilde & Duyfjes (2003).

Sicyos - A genus of about 50 species in the Americas, Pacific Islands, New Zealand and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Telford (1982).

Trichosanthes - A genus of about 40 species in Asia, Malesia, Australia and the Pacific islands; six or more species occur naturally in Australia. Telford (1982).

References

Telford, I.R. (1982). Cucurbitaceae. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 8, (Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.), pp. 158-198.

Wilde, W.J.J.O. de & Duyfjes, B.E.E. (2003). Revision of Neoalsomitra (Cucurbitaceae). Blumea 48: 99-121.

Wilde, W.J.J.O. de & Duyfjes, B.E.E. (2006). Redefinition of Zehneria and four new related genera (Cucurbitaceae) with an enumeration of the Australia and Pacific species. Blumea 51: 1-88.