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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Vine stem bark and vine stem transverse section. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, durian germination. Copyright CSIRO
Cyathostemma micranthum (A.DC.) J.Sinclair
Sinclair, J. (1955) The Gardens Bulletin, Singapore 14: 225. Type: ?.
Guatteria micrantha A.DC., Mem. Anon.: 42(1832), Type: Burma, Amhearst ,Wall. Cat. 6449. Holo: K-W; iso: BM. Popowia nitida King, J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal 61: 92(1893), Type: India, South Andaman Islands, 4 July 1891, King s.n. Holo: K. Lecto fide Utteridge (2000). Cyathostemma sumatrana (Miq.) Boerl., Icon. Bogor 1: 126(1899), Type: ?. Polyalthia fruticans A.DC., Mem. Anon.: 42(1832), Type: Burma, Tavoy, Gomez s.n. (Wall. Cat. 6430). Holo:K-W; iso: BM. Anaxogorea sumatrana Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste bijv. 3: 382(1861), Type: Sumatra, Lampung, Teijsmann 4383. Holo: L; iso: GH, K.
Grows into a large tree-top vine, stem diameters up to 5 cm recorded. Blaze odour aromatic but difficult to describe, perhaps resembling the odour of wild limes (Citrus aurantifolia). Vascular rays in the wood rather narrow, more noticeable in the bark.
Leaf blades about 4.5-11.5 x 1-4 cm, petioles 0.2-0.6 cm long. Underside of the leaf blade sparsely clothed in pale +/- prostrate hairs, midrib hairy on the upper surface. Lateral veins forming loops inside the blade margin. Oil dots very small, red (?) usually 1 per reticulation. Twig bark strong and fibrous when stripped. Oak grain in the twigs. Tendrils are modified branches.
Flowers pinkish orange, about 5-6 mm diam. Sepals broadly triangular, about 3 x 3 mm. Petals three + three in two whorls, thick and fleshy, about 4 x 3 mm, darker in colour near the apex. Stamens numerous, about 100 per flower, anthers sessile, each anther about 1 mm long. Carpels hairy, about 30-50 per flower, each carpel about 1 mm long. Stigmas hairy, bilobed.
Fruiting carpels about 7-11 x 6-10 mm on stalks about 5-14 mm long. Seeds 1-4 per carpel, each seed about 6-8 x 4-6 mm. Endosperm cream. Embryo minute, less than 1 mm long, consisting mostly of radicle. Embryo embedded in the endosperm at the base of the seed.
First leaves elliptic, base obtuse, oil dots visible with a lens. Lower surface of the leaf blades densely hairy, upper surface with a few hairs on the midrib. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade narrowly elliptic, apex acute, bluntly pointed, base obtuse. Lower surface of the leaf blade densely clothed in rusty brown hairs at least when young. Terminal bud and stem densely clothed in rusty brown hairs.
Distribution and Ecology
Food plant for the larval stages of the Green Spotted Triangle Butterfly. Sankowsky & Neilsen (2000).