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Cyclophyllum maritimum

Family

Rubiaceae

Botanical Name

Cyclophyllum maritimum S.T.Reynolds & R.J.F.Hend.

Reynolds, S.T. & Henderson, R.J.F. (2001) Austrobaileya 6(1): 55. Type: Queensland. Cook District: Base of Mt Cook, near Cooktown, January 1982, V. Scarth-Johnson 1218A (holo: BRI).

Stem

Shrub or small tree 3-10 m tall. Bark mottled grey, slighty rough; branchlets glabrous, very pale brown or pale grey, with dense, whitish or dark coloured lenticels.

Leaves

Stipules interpetiolar, triangular, keeled, narrowed into a short lobe at apex. Domatia absent or rarely present and obscure. Petioles 5-8 mm long. Blades elliptic, broad elliptic to elliptic-ovate, 3.8-8.2 x 2.1-5.2 cm, apex obtuse or shortly acuminate, base obtuse, margins slightly recurved. Lateral nerves in 4-6 pairs.

Flowers

Inflorescences cymes, (2-)4-7 flowered, on peduncles 2.5-6 mm long. Flowers strongly perfumed; calyx 2 x 1.5 mm, glabrous; corolla 9-10 mm long, yellow, with tube 5-6 mm long x 1.5-2 mm wide, densely hairy at mouth; lobes 3.5-5.5 x 1.5-1.75 mm.

Fruit

On spreading or drooping pedicels 6-10 mm long, greenish orange to red when ripe, drying black, 8.5-11.5 x 8.5-14 mm. Seeds (pyrenes) smooth.

Seedlings

Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in CYP and NEQ from Torres Straight islands to Daintree River. Grows in coastal scrubs on headlands, coastal sand dunes, and along tidal creeks and rivers.

CYP

X

NEQ

X

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)

X

Tree

X

RFK Code

1192