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Cynometra ramiflora

Family

Caesalpiniaceae

Botanical Name

Cynometra ramiflora L.

Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum 2: 382. Type: Habitat in India..

Common name

Cynometra

Stem

Grows into a small tree not exceeding 30 cm dbh.

Leaves

Leaves compound but with only two leaflets. Leaflet blades about 8-14 x 2.5-6 cm, unequal sided, leaflet stalks very short, about 2-3 mm long. Stipules small and inconspicuous or absent. Compound leaf petiole transversely wrinkled. Lateral veins forming loops well inside the blade margin.

Flowers

Inflorescence axis about 13-25 mm long. Pedicels about 7-15 mm long. Sepals about 406 mm long. Petals about 5-8 mm long. Stamens usually 10. Ovary densely clothed in hairs. Ovules 1-2 per ovary Fide Ding Hou (1996) Flora Malesiana.

Fruit

Fruits about 22-25 x 35-45 mm, shortly pedicellate, reniform to crescent-shaped. Outer surface clothed in wart-like protuberances. Seeds about 18-20 x 31-35 mm, crescent-shaped to broadly elliptic or reniform. Radicle tiny, located on the straight side of the cotyledons.

Seedlings

Cotyledons thick and fleshy, at or slightly above ground level, about 3-3.5 x 2.5 cm. Cataphylls about 5 or 6 before the first true leaves. First pair of leaves compound with two leaflets. At the tenth leaf stage: compound leaves with two leaflets, each leaflet blade about 5.5-6.5 x 2-2.5 cm. Leaflet stalk absent or very short.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in CYP and NEQ, known only from a few collections from the tip of Cape York and Mossman Gorge. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 50 m. Grows in lowland rain forest particularly those prone to seasonal flooding. Also occurs in Asia, Malesia and the Pacific islands.

CYP

X

NEQ

X

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)

X

Tree

X

RFK Code

1099