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Cyrtococcum oxyphyllum

Family

Poaceae

Botanical Name

Cyrtococcum oxyphyllum (Hochst. ex Steud.) Stapf

Stapf, O. (1922) Icones Plantarum [Hooker's] Edn. Ser.5 1(4): t.3096. Type: ?.

Stem

Annual mat-forming with creeping, hollow culms rooting at the nodes, culms smooth and glabrous, upper part of culm more erect to 15-50 cm tall.

Leaves

Leaf blades about 7-13 x 1-2 cm. Ligule obvious at the junction of the leaf blade and sheath, 1-1.5 mm long. Leaf sheath clothed in erect pale hairs, ciliate on one margin.midvein abaxially distinct, apex acuminate.

Flowers

Flowers borne in contracted panicles about 4-12 1-2 cm, branches ascending, up to 3 cm long, pilose with long scattered hairs or hairs mostly confined to the axils; pedicels stout, short. Spikelets consist of a single male or bisexual flower, reddish brown at maturity, 1.6-2 mm, glabrous except for some hairs at the base . Glumes 3-veined, glabrous, 1.2-1.5 mm long, acute. Lemma about 1.5 mm long, lower lemma obtuse or subtruncate; upper lemma yellowish or yellowish brown, smooth and shining.

Fruit

Individual fruits pale brown, laterally compressed, ca.1.5 x 1 mm. Endosperm white, embryo very small.

Seedlings

Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 740 m. Grows in rainforest, sclerophyll forest, vineforest and swamp forest. Also from Bhutan, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Vietnam and New Guinea.

CYP

X

NEQ

X

Grass

X

RFK Code

4162