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Dalbergia candenatensis

Family

Fabaceae

Botanical Name

Dalbergia candenatensis (Dennst.) Prain

Prain, D. (1901) Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 70(2): 49. Type: ?.

Synonyms

Cassia candenatensis Dennst., Schlus. Hort. Malabar. 12: 32(1818), Type: ?. Dalbergia monosperma Dalzell, Hook. Kew Journ. 2: 36(1850), Type: Ind. or..

Common name

Dalbergia

Stem

Vine stem diameters to 3 cm recorded. Bark somewhat papery, rolled to form vertical cylinders.

Leaves

Compound leaves consist of 5-7 leaflets. Leaflet blades about 15-50 x 8-30 mm, leaflet stalks about 2-3 mm long. Stipules caducous, about 1 mm long. Tendrils are modified lateral branches.

Flowers

Flower stalks about 1.5-2 mm long, but the flowers are technically sessile with two comparatively large bracts at the base of the calyx tube. Bracts concave on the adaxial surface, +/- orbicular, about 1.5 mm diam. Calyx tube about 2 mm long, lobes about 0.7 mm long. Petals about 6-10 mm long. Stamens 10, all filaments united to form a sheath around the ovary, but open along one side. Filaments free from one another near the apex. Anthers opening by means of divaricate slits. Ovary about 2-2.5 mm long, ovary stalk about 2 mm long. Style about 1.5 mm long. Ovules two.

Fruit

Fruits about 2-3.5 x 1.25-1.5 cm on a stipe about 2-4 mm long. Perianth segments persistent at the base of the stipe. Fruits corky inside. Seed solitary, reniform, about 8-10 x 5-6 mm.

Seedlings

Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in NT, CYP, NEQ and southwards to coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range very small, usually found just above sea level. Usually grows on the landward side of mangroves, sometimes in or on the margins of monsoon forest or rain forest. Also occurs in New Guinea and other parts of Malesia.

Natural History

This species is of no grazing significance. Hacker (1990).

NT

X

CYP

X

NEQ

X

Vine

X

RFK Code

2114