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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Vine stem bark and vine stem transverse section. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
Dallachya vitiensis (Benth.) F.Muell.
Mueller, F.J.H. von (1875) Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 9: 140. Type: ?.
Rhamnella vitiensis (Benth.) A.C.Sm., Bulletin Torrey Botanical Club 70: 544(1943), Type: ?. Rhamnus vitiensis Benth., Flora Australiensis 1: 413(1863), Type: Queensland. Cape York, 12 & 14 Nov. 1849, MacGillivray; holo: K. Fide A. C. Smith (1985) Flora Vitiensis 3: 699.
Leaf blades about 4-11.5 x 1.5-5 cm, petioles about 0.4-1.4 cm long, narrowly grooved on the upper surface. Teeth small, numerous, mainly towards the apex. Stipules triangular, about 1-2.5 mm long. Lateral veins about 6 or 7 on each side of the midrib, curving inside the blade margin.
Flowers about 3-5 mm diam., pedicels about 4-7 mm long. Calyx lobes about 2 mm long, keeled on the inner surface. Petals small, about 1-1.5 mm long, completely enveloping each stamen until anthesis. Staminal filaments about 1-1.5 mm long, anthers about 0.6 x 0.6 mm. Ovules large, solitary in each locule. Style about 1.2 mm long.
Fruits about 8 x 5 mm, usually solitary in the leaf axils. Pedicel longer than the fruit. Calyx persistent at the base. Pericarp soft and watery at maturity. Endocarp quite hard and leathery, about 8 x 5 mm. Cotyledons green, about 4.5 x 3 mm. Radicle about 1 mm long.
Cotyledons thick and crinkly, about 6-7 x 3-4 mm, First pair of leaves with toothed margins, stipules about 1-2 mm long. At the tenth leaf stage: seedling glabrous, stem zig-zagged. Stipules about 2 mm long, triangular.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range in CYP and NEQ from near sea level to 950 m. Grows in monsoon forest and well developed lowland and upland rain forest. Also occurs in Malesia and the Pacific islands.
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)