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Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and immature fruit. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and fruit. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Dendrocnide photinophylla (Kunth) Chew
Chew, W.L. (1965) The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 21: 205. Type: ?.
Laportea photinophylla (Kunth) Wedd., Archives du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle , Paris 9: 138(1856), Type: In Nova Hollandia, prope Moreton-Bay (Al. Cunningham, Leichard). (v.v. cult., in hort. Kewensis, et s. in Herb. mus. par., Hooker et H Urtica photinophylla Wedd., Archives du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle 9: 139(1856), Type: ?. Urticastrum photinophylla (Kunth) Kuntze, Revisio Generum Plantarum 2: 635(1891), Type: ?. Fleurya photinophylla Kunth, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 3 7: 183(1847), Type: cult. Gottingen, Germany; holo: B, destroyed; neo: Nudgee, Qld, C. T. White 5600, A; isoneo: BRI, NY.
Fibrewood; Shining-leafed Stinger; Shiny Leaf Stinger; Shiny Leaf Stinging Tree; Shiny-leaved Stinger; Shiny-leaved Stinging Tree; Small-leaved Nettle; Shining leaved Stinging Tree; Mulberry-leaved Stinging Tree; Gympie; Stinging Tree, Shining Leaved; Mulberry Leaf Stinger; Gympie Gympie
Wood extremely soft and light. Fibrous stripes in the outer blaze are darker than the general blaze colour. May be deciduous; leafless for a period in September or October.
Cotyledons oblong to almost orbicular, about 3-5 x 2-5 mm. Oil dots numerous, visible with a lens. First pair of leaves toothed and clothed in stinging hairs. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves ovate, apex acuminate, base obtuse; both the upper and lower surfaces of the leaf blade, petiole and stem clothed in setaceous stinging hairs; margin crenate with teeth all around the leaf blade; stipules oblong.
Distribution and Ecology
Endemic to Australia, occurs in NEQ and southwards as far as coastal central New South Wales. Altitudinal range in NEQ from near sea level to 800 m. Grows in well developed rain forest but is probably more common in drier, more seasonal rain forest.
The leaves and twigs of this species inflict a significant sting but the effect is not as bad as that of D. moroides or D. cordifolia and does not last very long. Still a plant to be avoided.
Food plant for the larval stages of the White Nymph Butterfly. Common & Waterhouse (1981).